Indoor plants

The Cyclamen

How to irrigate cyclamen

Typically the cyclamen does not wither prematurely due to lack of care. What can lead the plant to death is wrong watering. In most cases, an overabundance of water can be a serious danger. Cyclamen grow from round and flat tubers. These organs, which keep the plant alive during periods of dormancy, rot when continuously saturated with water. The cyclamen must be irrigated when the soil has dried, but it should not take too long before repeating the operation. The important thing is not to wet the tuber, stems and leaves too much. During watering the soil must become saturated, but make sure that excess water comes out through the drainage holes located at the bottom of the pot.

How to cure cyclamen

Cyclamen can be grown in the garden if certain conditions are met. Winter is the growing season, and species that are frost-resistant can survive even in temperatures that drop below freezing. The presence of trees, shrubs and humidity can make a difference. In late spring or early summer, cyclamen leaves turn yellow and enter the dormancy phase. Vibrant flowers and distinctive leaves make cyclamen a very popular houseplant. The cure begins with the right temperature. In nature, cyclamen grow sheltered from the sun and in humid environments. If you exceed 18 degrees Celsius, the plant will begin to lose flowers and then slowly die. During the dormancy period, it is advisable to find a location in a cool and not too bright place. Dead leaves can be removed and the plant should be left to rest for two months, after which it should be moved outdoors and watered regularly. If the tuber seems to be suffering, the cyclamen must be transferred to a larger container. Once the foliage begins to thicken, routine care can be resumed.

Fertilize cyclamen

Cyclamen plants flower in winter thanks to a cool soil and a light sun exposure. In the summer months they rest, and then resume their growth in the autumn. Proper fertilization ensures that the leaves are healthy and the flowers abundant. Both pot and garden cyclamen are grown benefiting from similar cultivation techniques. The nutrients are useful to plants in late summer or early autumn, the time of new growth. The fertilization process must continue in the months that follow until the cyclamen begin to hibernate, in spring or early summer. The plant does not need fertilizer or water during its dormancy period. A nitrogen-based fertilizer, in moderate quantities, ensures excellent development. Excessive quantities, on the other hand, turn out to be harmful to flowering. A solution of water and fertilizer every three to four weeks satisfies the needs of the plant. If growing in pots, be sure to irrigate the soil with clean water once a month to dispose of excess salts.

Cyclamen: What diseases affect cyclamen?

Gray mold is a common problem with cyclamen. It is caused by the Botrytis fungus, which appears when the center of the plant is too humid, there is not enough air circulation and the temperature is cold. This type of rot begins at the base of the stems and quickly attacks buds and leaves. All infected parts must be removed and thrown away. The diseased cyclamen must be moved to a point where there is a greater exchange of air. If the plant is badly damaged it is best to discard it. Erwinia bacteria, on the other hand, are responsible for the rot that affects the tuber. This problem often occurs when the tuber is planted too deep. Diseased plants must be thrown away. Another enemy of cyclamen is a type of mite, which appears when the humidity is too low. Mites are tiny, but easy to identify due to their whitish texture. Symptoms of mite disease include: curled, deformed and discolored leaves. It is possible to deal with the problem by keeping the environment well humidified. A specific insecticide could be of great help.

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