Indoor plants

Tillandsia

Tillandsia

This plant belongs to the Bromeliaceae family (just to be clear, it belongs to the same family as the Pineapple) which includes more or less 450 species of different plants. We are talking about epiphytic plants (such as orchids for example) and therefore they grow on other plants or on supports similar to pieces of wood. These plants are of American origin, specifically from those areas ranging from Mexico to Argentina. Tallindsia are incredibly beautiful plants and their cultivation is not at all difficult and complicated indeed they do not require special care. They are plants that need neither earth nor water to live, they are plants without roots and are perfect for those who do not have much space to place them or for those who forget to give the right attention to the plants.

How it looks


As previously mentioned, this family includes about 450 different species. It would be difficult to report the description of each single species given the vast variety, but we can say that the differences are in the leaves and flowers. Depending on the species, the leaves can be thorny or without thorns, they can be lanceolate, toothed or linear. In some species, the leaflets have the shape of a rosette due to the widening of the bases and form a kind of cup in which by nature they collect rainwater. In this small “cup” plant and animal residues accumulate and then, with decomposition, they are ingested by the plant. They have a structure and functioning that is very close to that of all carnivorous plants. As for the flowers, these are formed at the axilla of bracts and come together in inflorescence. The colors are various and both the shape and the size vary from species to species. Unfortunately, these flowers that are formed do not have a long-term duration but one thing they keep for a few weeks is their color. The resulting fruit is a capsule containing three winged seeds inside.

Cultivation

Tillandsia are plants suitable for everyone as they do not require special care and attention. They do not like being exposed to direct sunlight as their leaves risk getting burned. They grow quietly even at high temperatures that exceed 27 ° C, in winter it is advisable to place them in places where temperatures do not drop below 10 ° C. They do not require to grow in places where there is a lot of light but they also like areas of partial shade. When the temperatures are not very low it is advisable to place the plants in open places as they need air. As for watering, for the species that have the well in the center of the rosette it is enough to fill it and empty it every month to renew the water. For plants that grow in pots, the soil must always be kept moist, taking care not to create water stagnations that are harmful to the plant. For seedlings with a rosette of leaves, it is advisable to direct a jet of water upwards so as to let the water slide over the leaves. These types of plants grow in humid environments and therefore it is advisable to water them twice a day. One thing to pay attention to is the water used for watering, the Tillandsia do not like the formation of limestone and therefore it is advisable to use either demineralized water and rainwater. These types of plants grow in humid environments and therefore it is advisable to water them twice a day. One thing to pay attention to is the water used for watering, the Tillandsia do not like the formation of limestone and therefore it is advisable to use either demineralized water and rainwater. These types of plants grow in humid environments and therefore it is advisable to water them twice a day. One thing to pay attention to is the water used for watering, the Tillandsia do not like the formation of limestone and therefore it is advisable to use either demineralized water and rainwater.

Curiosity

It is not possible to establish a precise flowering period, it varies from species to species. Generally these plants bloom in late summer and autumn. After producing the flower, the rosette of leaves dies and in fact, when we realize that the leaves begin to have brown spots, we should divide the plant. These types of plants do not need real pruning, the important thing is to remove the now dry leaves or those damaged parts of the plant. It should be known that the tool used to make the cuts must be cleaned and disinfected with the flame every time we should use it. In this way we will avoid damaging the seedling causing it infections or parasitic diseases. The Tillansdia multiply by dividing the plant. During the spring the rosettes of leaves are detached from the base of the plant trying to take part of the roots as well. The cut shoots are raised like a normal adult plant and are fixed to supports with quick-setting glue. To help the seedling develop in the best way we can give it some fertilizer. The fertilizations are to be done twice a month during the spring and the summer. The fertilizer should be administered by diluting it in the water used for irrigation. The quantities to be administered are usually indicated on the package but the advice is to administer a smaller quantity than reported by the manufacturers. The fertilizer to use is a liquid fertilizer balanced in Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus (20:20: 20) and which also contains microelements such as Magnesium, Manganese; Zinc, Iron, Copper, Boron and Molybdenum.

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