Indoor plants



Zamia is a plant of the cycad genus that belongs to the Zamiceae family and includes a total of about 70 different species. Depending on the species, the plant originates from North America, across the continent to South America. The Zamia has the shape of a bush with characteristics that could be found in palms and ferns. The stem of the plant is stocky, in some species even underground, while there is also an epiphytic species, the Zamia pseudoparasitica which is able to grow on the branches of other plants. The leaves have leathery features with a glossy appearance. The seeds of the plant have varying colors between red, yellow, orange and white. The plant has a very slow development, in fact it could take up to 35 years to fully develop.

Zamia species

Zamia is a plant capable of living in different habitats, in the savannah, in the prairie, in the shrubs, in the undergrowth, in the tropical forests. It is one of the oldest living plants. Most of the species of Zamia live in warm and humid areas, but with ease of adaptation to temperate areas. The Zamia prefers shady areas with well-drained soils, but is also able to withstand low temperatures. Zamia is a dioecious plant, there are female and male specimens. There are many species of Zamia, the best known are: Furfuracea, Pumila and Variegata. Furfuracea has a poorly developed stem which is partly underground, the seeds are poisonous. The Pumila has underground stems and bright green leathery leaves. The Variegata has leaves with a green color streaked with yellow.

Cultivation of the Zamia

Zamia species are generally suitable for warm climates, so there is the option of growing them both in full sun and in areas with good shade. The preferred location should be in an area with adequate lighting, but away from direct sunlight, so that the leaves do not suffer too much. It would be advisable to periodically clean the leaves to facilitate photosynthesis. In the period of greatest growth, in the period between the beginning of spring and the end of summer, the Zamia should be watered regularly and abundantly. In autumn and winter the soil should be moistened periodically to prevent it from drying out too much. The ideal soil for the Zamia should be soft, with adequate drainage to avoid dangerous stagnation of water.

Care of the Zamia

The Zamia need a good fertilization, it would be advisable in spring and summer to dilute the fertilizer to the irrigation water. It would be advisable to use fertilizers that contain: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron and molybdenum. The Zamia are plants that do not require pruning, in fact the leaves that are dry or damaged should be eliminated, to guarantee health to the plant and prevent them from being affected by diseases. The Zamia can be multiplied both by seed and by cutting. The cutting should be done in autumn by taking some leaves that could be buried in a mixture of peat and sand. By keeping the soil moist it will be possible to favor the development of new plants.

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