Indoor plants

Zamia plant

Indoor plants: the zamia.

The zamia belongs to the Zamiaceae family, plants that take on the appearance of real bushes, short stems and can reach three meters in length. The leaves are succulent, shiny and waxy. They are green plants that furnish very well. However in Italy a very similar plant is called zamia whose scientific name is Zamioculcas, precisely because it resembles the zamia. It is very popular due to its beauty and the scarce care it needs. The zamiait is a very robust and resistant plant, whose tall and fleshy stems host spirally arranged leaves. It has an underground bulb and can produce flowers similar in shape to calla lilies, but yellow to brown in color. While the true zamia belongs to the zamiaceae family, the zamioculcas, although it closely resembles it so much that it takes its name, is the only species of the araceae. The latter is also known as the “Padre Pio plant”.

The origin of the zamia.

The original zamia belongs to the order of cycas originating from Central America, Florida, the Caribbean, southern Georgia (USA) and northern part of South America. It is a plant that has a bearing similar to a palm and due to the family to which it belongs, it can be counted among the oldest existing plants. The species known in Italy, took this name because it closely resembles the zamiacee, however, is native to Tanzania and is the only representative of the araceae. For this reason it is called the “gem of Zanzibar” as well as “Padre Pio’s plant”. In fact, its scientific name is zamioculcas zamiifolia. However, it has a tropical origin, so it bears various intensities of light, but it is always better to avoid direct sunlight. It adapts well to the micro-climate it finds,

Watering and locations in the house.

The zamia should be watered at least once a week in the spring-autumn period, when the soil has dried, being careful to avoid stagnant water, which cause yellowing and fall of the leaves. Watering, therefore, must not be abundant, but just what is needed to wet the soil. If you see water in the saucer, it must be emptied to prevent the roots from rotting irretrievably. The ideal location in the house is away from direct sunlight, but still out of the light. In reality it survives even in dim light, for example in dim corridors, but in this case it cannot grow as luxuriantly as it should. It does not suffer from the heat, which is why in spring and summer it can be placed outdoors, in a sheltered position. However, during the cold season,

Zamia plant: Fertilization, pruning, repotting and reproduction.

The soil that hosts it must be made up of a part of universal soil and a part of peat, or of soil for succulent plants. It is fertilized every 15/20 days in the period from March to October, with a fertilizer for succulents with low nitrogen content to be dissolved in the watering. The zamia does not need pruning, but if you notice yellowed, broken or damaged leaves in some way, they must be removed to prevent pests or bacteria dangerous for the plant from taking root on them. Repotting is only necessary when the stems have filled the surface of the pot, therefore every 2 years or so, always in spring and with a soft and draining soil. Reproduction is obtained either by detaching the root suckers and replanting them, or by cuttings: just detach a leaf at the base of the stem and plant it in the ground. After having adequately watered it for a few weeks, the new plant will appear.

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