Mushrooms

Lactarius chrysorrheus

Today we are going to talk about a species of mushroom that belongs to the genus Lactarius and that is quite well known. It is the Lactarius chrysorrheus. It is known by the common name of Lactario de leche dorada and it is because the word Lactario comes from the Greek milk and its second name means golden current. This refers to the white color that it gives off when cut, which resembled both being and that quickly changes to a sulfur yellow color. It belongs to the Russulaceae family.

In this article we are going to tell you everything you need to know about Lactarius chrysorrheus.

Main features

It has a hat that in adulthood can reach 10 centimeters in diameter at most. These specimens are something more exceptional. The most normal thing is that the size of the hats is between 3 and 7 centimeters. When they are young, they usually have a convex shaped hat and, as they develop, they acquire a kind of flat reform little marked in their last stage. Therefore, it can be recognized with the naked eye if a fungus of this species is more adult or is still a young specimen.

It has an ocher color with orange hues. We also find concentric areas of darker tones throughout the hat. Its cuticle is somewhat shiny when it rains, but it generally looks smooth, dry, and glabrous. The margin of the hat has an involuntary appearance in the young specimens as they develop, they acquire an even smoother and slightly wavy appearance.

It has pale cream colored plates that gradually acquire pink tones as they age. As a result of the latex that they give off with the cut, they usually yellow in the wounds. These lamellae are quite tight and have numerous interspersed lamellae. As for the foot, it is quite proportionate to the size of the hat. When the mushroom is young the foot is stuffed. However, when the mushroom reaches its adult stage the foot ends up becoming hollow. This is another indicator to be able to recognize the state of development of the mushroom. This foot has a light color, pale cream although it can also acquire some pinker or fleshier tones with the passage of time. This happens just like the sheets. The foot is smooth and only weak during its first stage.

Finally, its meat is brown and brittle. It exudes an abundant latex that, despite being white, turns yellow instantly when it comes into contact with the air. The white meat and latex are sweet at first but turn spicy. For many, the taste is quite spicy and the smell is mild.

Lactarius chrysorrheus habitat

The Lactarius chrysorrheus is a species typical of the flatwood forests. These specimens could not be found in another habitat. The fruiting season takes place during the autumn months alone or in small groups. When fruiting takes place, it is a rather frequent mushroom. We can see the every year without problems and organize collections.

In the flatland forests we can find them in deciduous forests where we preferably find oaks, beech and chestnut trees. They can also be seen in evergreen forests where holm oaks and cork oaks predominate.

It usually develops on the litter of Mediterranean forests. Mainly in the holm oak forests and more sparsely on the oak leaf litter. In beech or pine forests it can grow more occasionally.

Possible confusion

Since it has an incomprehensible size and a rather strange shape, it can be confused many times with other species of chanterelles. There are some chanterelles that have orange latex and do not share the habitat with this species. For example, we have Lactarius zonarius, which has a well-differentiated pileic surface, since it is a white latex that remains unchanged when in contact with air. As we mentioned before, in the case of Lactarius chrysorrheus, the latex turns yellow as it comes into contact with the surrounding air. With this indicator we can differentiate one species from another.

Another possible confusion is L actarius decipiens. This species also has a latex that turns yellow on contact with air. However, in order to differentiate this species, we must note that it does not present a zoned hat. This difference can help us to separate one species from another.

The Lactarius pallidus also has a pink tint to but is somewhat pale and has concentric bands. This can help us to differentiate them. On the other hand, the Lactarius scrobiculatus is another species very similar to the chanterelles. In this case, it has a foot marked with darker oval spots and depressions. It also has a slightly hairier edge and spicy flavor. The problem with this species is that it is very similar to chanterelles or rebollones.

Lastly, two other species that can be confused are Lactarius deliciosus and Lactarius sanglifluus. These differ because the latex is orange or reddish. It also has a flavor that is not spicy and its slices are orange like a carrot or sometimes a beet.

Toxicity

The Lactarius chrysorrheus usually not edible. In the case of ingestion, it can cause some gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea and vomiting. We must bear in mind that when we go to make collections we have to know how to differentiate if a mushroom is poisonous or edible. And the problem is that on many occasions the main difference between one species and another is their taste. Then you have to take the risk of trying them.

When I know of the case that there is such a small difference there can always be some other differentiating element between each species. You have to look at the cut, the skin, the lamellae, the size and shape of the hat, the foot, even the latex and its color. In this way, we guarantee that we are not consuming a toxic mushroom.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about Lactarius chrysorrheus.

 

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba