Plants

Abelia plant

How to irrigate

This plant needs regular watering: it is essential that the soil never stays dry for too long. If the cultivation takes place in pots, irrigations must be carried out constantly once a week; if, on the other hand, the plant is grown in the garden, the administration of water must be carried out on the basis of the rainfall trend, reducing it or suspending it if the rains are particularly abundant. It is important that no water stagnations are created, which could lead to rot and, therefore, to the deterioration of the entire specimen. Adult plants have a lower water requirement than younger ones, and can tolerate a few days of drought, without ever exaggerating: an adequate supply of water resources is essential for proper development.

Growing tips


The abelia generally multiplies by cutting; the plant must be carried out in containers filled with soil, peat and a little sand, and the transplant in the garden or in a larger pot must be performed after about two years of growth. If desired, sowing can also be practiced, preferably in spring. This shrub prefers well-drained, fresh and loose soils, subjected to preliminary processing with the spade and, therefore, soft and airy; it is recommended to eliminate weeds before planting, to ensure the best development conditions for the specimen. Pruning should be done when there is a need to remove diseased or dry branches, making clean cuts with sharp tools, or to model the shape of the plant after flowering.

Fertilization


Fertilization is an indispensable operation during the flowering period; starting from mid-spring it is suggested to provide the shrub with a specific fertilizer for flowering plants, every month until the autumn season, if possible in liquid form to add it to the irrigation water. The product must be rich in potassium and nitrogen, two very important macroelements for optimal development: the first helps the absorption of water resources and the synthesis of proteins, the second supports the growth of tissues. Even phosphorus, an essential element for a luxuriant flowering, must be included in the fertilizer, but to a lesser extent, as it is often already present in the soil. At the end of the winter, further fertilization with organic substances may be convenient.

Abelia plant: Exposure, pests and diseases


The abelia needs sun or partial shade exposure; the important thing is that the place is sheltered from icy winds or in any case too intense. This plant can be affected by infestations of aphids, phytomitic parasites that damage the branches, buds and leaves by sucking the sap; these insects are also a vehicle for numerous viruses and also tend to attract ants, which are extremely greedy for a substance they produce, honeydew. Pyrethrum-based insecticides are an adequate solution, as well as several natural remedies including nettle macerate and garlic infusion. Among the fungal diseases caused by excessive humidity we must remember the powdery mildew, which causes a general deterioration and must be treated with special fungicides.

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