Anemone nemorosa

The perennial plant species of Anemone nemorosa

Commonly called the wood anemone, the species of Anemone nemorosa is a perennial herb belonging to the Ranunculaceae family. Native to the Eurasian continent and North America, it is characterized by abundant and early blooms that begin at the end of the winter season, before the leaves are released and last until the spring month of May. The flowers are single and develop on erect, star-shaped stems and according to the different hybrid varieties or cultivars they can be of different colors, white, lilac and blue. Rhizomatous plants with palmate foliage, composed of small leaves with a lanceolate shape and serrated edges, of a dark green color. At the end of flowering, the spherical fruits appear and covered with a thick down.

Cultivation techniques of Anemone nemorosa perennials

Anemone nemorosa plants adapt very well to cold climatic contexts and also withstand freezing winter temperatures. They can’t stand the sultry summer heat and the ideal location for these herbaceous perennials is in partial shade or in complete shade. They require fertile, humus-rich and fairly moist soil to grow and develop. If the summers are too hot, the specimens of Anemone nemorosa tend to go into vegetative rest. Starting from February with the beginning of flowering, the irrigations must be regular while with the arrival of the first colds they are reduced to the strictly necessary. To obtain abundant and copious flowering, it is advisable to administer liquid organic fertilizer for flowering plants, from the beginning of spring to the end of summer.

Methods of propagation of the Anemone nemorosa plant

The specimens of Anemone nemorosa can be reproduced without too much difficulty through the method of sowing, to be carried out before the arrival of the spring season. The seeds should be placed in containers filled with peaty soil and sand, they are placed in cool and poorly lit places. Another propagation technique to use is the division of underground rhizomes. It is possible to intervene in the summer months of June and July or in autumn, the sections obtained are treated with rooting and pesticide powder. Subsequently, they can be planted permanently. Furthermore, the offshoot method can be used easily during the spring season. Over time, these perennials tend to propagate naturally, giving life to new Anemone nemorosa plants.

Hybrid selections and cultivars of the Anemone nemorosa species

The plants of Anemone nemorosa are widely used for cultivation for ornamental purposes both in the ground and in pots. Different selections and genetic crossings continue to create new varieties with elegant and colorful flowers, such as the so-called Anemone nemorosa Bracteata Pleniflora which produces very particular flowers, with double white petals, large and with small very showy bracts. Or the Anemone nemorosa Robinsoniana which, unlike the previous one, is characterized by simple blue or purple inflorescences. Large flowers in shades of light lilac distinguish the specimens of perennial plants of Anemone nemorosa Allenii while the late winter blooms that open on the branches of Anemone nemorosa Vestall are pure white.

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