Plants

Apple blossoms

The apple tree

Their cultivation is widespread, apple trees are fruit plants belonging to the Rosaceae family. They are deciduous trees with a height of 5 – 12 meters, shallow roots and an expanded crown. Their foliage, simple and oval in shape, consists of a rounded base and reaches 5-12 centimeters in length and 3-6 centimeters in width with a petiole of 2 – 5 centimeters. The flowers, composed of 5 petals of white – pink, are about 2.5 – 3.5 centimeters wide. Flowering occurs in spring through entomophilic pollination, i.e. the pollination process is carried out by insects such as bees and butterflies. The fruits deriving from this plant have a globular shape and a diameter of 5 – 9 centimeters. As for the coloring, they are initially green but subsequently, during the ripening period, they take on a color that varies from yellow – green to red. Apple trees are plants easily adaptable to various types of soils, and have the ability to withstand up to a temperature of -25 ° C. It should be added that this type of plant also bears limestone as long as it is drained with fairly regular watering.

Cultivation


Cultivating the apple tree is not a difficult job, just a few small tricks are enough. Important for obtaining excellent results are the brightness and the climate. The best position for these plants is where they are exposed in sunny areas, while the ideal climate is temperate – cold, typical of mountain and hill areas. The soil on which the apple tree grows must be well reclaimed and of a medium consistency, it is good to mix the light soil with the heavy one, in order to obtain a fairly uniform soil. Apple trees should be watered regularly but, in case of drought, it is useful to abound both in quantity and frequency. For the first year they need a lot of water, but afterwards the plant will become robust enough to require less water. Like other types of plants, even the Apple tree, it needs to be pruned to obtain abundant blooms. There are two types of pruning: dry pruning and green pruning. Dry pruning is the one that is carried out in the winter period, while green pruning is that carried out in the summer. It is important to know that while the plant responds very well to dry pruning, with green pruning you get somewhat poor results compared to the first case.

Fertilizer and parasites

For the fertilization of the plant there are fertilizers to be used in the late summer period, these are nitrogen based. To protect the plant from diseases and parasites it is possible to use chemical substances to be diluted in water and to be administered periodically. A parasite to keep under control is the Carpocapsa, the so-called “apple worm”, difficult to find and less dangerous in small fruits with hard pulp. This parasite can be fought by administering biological anti-parasites or by favoring the presence of some insects (such as Crisopa) which are naturally enemies of the larvae of these insects. Other parasites that can affect the plant are: the scale insects that cause the weakening of the apple tree, damaging leaves and fruits; the moth, a vermicello that feeds on leaves and shoots; the aphids, which make their nest out of the leaves. The diseases that these plants can take are fungi, among the best known and widespread are scab and powdery mildew. Scab is a disease of the leaves and fruits that causes dark colored spots; powdery mildew is a white mold that forms on leaves and shoots.

Apple Blossoms: Meaning

As we all know, each flower has its own language and therefore a different meaning. Two different meanings have been attributed to the apple blossoms, that of temptation and that of preference. Not to be underestimated is the extraordinary scent that these flowers emanate, and it is also what the insects that allow pollination are “tempted”. The various meanings these flowers can take are, in part, subjective. For some they can symbolize fertility and sensuality, and there are others who associate an apple blossom with a promise. There are also myths and legends about the meaning of apple blossoms, in ancient times it was used to declare love and passion. It is said that the Celts, lovers of the Apple tree, adorned the bedrooms to favor and increase their desires. Apple blossoms were also used in wedding rites, they symbolized love, healing and immortality when they were blessed. Furthermore, the apple blossoms were placed in bags, infused and sometimes dissolved in liquid wax to then create real love candles. The apple tree is not only an ornamental plant due to the beauty and scent it emanates, but its flowers are also edible for humans, in fact they are used in recipes such as particular risottos.

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