Aromatic plants

Capers

The irrigation of capers

The cultivation of capers can be done both in pots and in the open field. Capers also obviously need water to grow and develop. However, it must be borne in mind that the caper resists better to short periods of drought than to water stagnation or excessive irrigation. For the cultivation in pots it will be preferable to choose terracotta instead of the plastic pot, just to obtain a greater absorption of humidity. It is also advisable to insert balls of expanded clay at the bottom of the container, which can be easily purchased in supermarkets on the shelves dedicated to gardening. Alternatively we can put pebbles, again to obtain the draining effect, so that the excess water can drain. Saucers are not recommended.

How to take care of capers

Capers are plants that can also grow spontaneously where the climate allows it. However, it doesn’t mean that cultivation is that simple. The precautions necessary to obtain a good harvest must be strictly followed. Sowing the caper starting from a sachet of seeds is much more difficult than starting from the cutting. We will be able to take a woody branch from the mother plant, choosing a well-developed and healthy specimen. It would be useful to have a rooting product that we can buy in a specialized shop. When the cutting has taken root, the young seedling will grow as an identical copy to the original. In the first phase of development it will be important to avoid exposing it to the cold and during the winter season it would be better to take it indoors, in a place sheltered from atmospheric agents.

Soil and fertilization

For the cultivation in pots we can choose a very common universal soil. We will enrich it with special products such as granular fertilizer, without exaggerating with the doses. In the case of open field cultivation, however, we will only have to ensure the plant has the right drainage. Capers favor fairly poor soils and grow well even without supplementary fertilization. It is important, however, to prepare an optimal substrate, if necessary by adding sand and peat. It must be considered that the ideal habitat of capers is a soil where there are layers of rock. It could be useful to insert rubble in the earth to try to simulate the optimal environment for spontaneous growth.

Capers: Exposure, climate, diseases and harvest

If we have a wall or a sunny area with uneven ground, that is the ideal place to grow capers. The caper plant, in fact, develops well up to torrid temperatures of over 35 ° C. On the other hand, it does not tolerate extremely cold winters where temperatures drop to around zero degrees. In this case it would be advisable to cultivate the plant inside the pots in order to be able to repair it by moving it inside a veranda or terrace. The ideal location is in full sun, where direct radiation arrives for most of the daily hours. The caper is generally not attacked by pests, insects and diseases.

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