Aromatic plants

False pepper

Irrigation

False pepper is able to withstand periods of drought even quite long-lasting, but it is still advisable to water constantly if you want to obtain a luxuriant flowering. Irrigation must also be carried out on the basis of rainfall, and consequently will be more reduced in the winter season; it is important to limit the risk of water stagnation, the cause of rot. For this purpose it can be advantageous to insert stones or pumice stone in the ground, but first of all it is essential not to overdo the administration of water and to wet the soil only when it is dry. Watering must also be regulated on the basis of the age of the tree, since a young specimen needs more water resources which can be moderate after the first years.

Cultivation and care


The ideal period for planting this tree is autumn; the soil must be well drained, soft and rich, even if the plant adapts to many types of soil. It is suggested to mix a little sand or gravel with the soil, in order to improve drainage and avoid water stagnation. The newly born seedlings must be placed in containers, separated from each other, and protected with sheets for the first years, usually three, to favor their growth in safety; afterwards it is possible to carry out the transplant in open ground. Mulching should be done regularly to eliminate weeds and make the soil more fertile. Pruning is not strictly necessary: ​​you should limit yourself to removing any excess branches.

Fertilization


A first fertilization must take place at the time of planting, preferably with organic substances such as the floured manure, which makes the soil softer and more airy. Subsequently it is necessary to fertilize twice a year, in spring and autumn, using slow-release products that contain the three essential macro-elements, namely potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen; the latter, however, must be present to a lesser extent than the other two, as, by favoring an excessive growth of the vegetative parts, it could cause a weakening of the tree. A recommended solution is the use of liquid fertilizers to be combined with the water used for irrigation. Possibly, the fertilizer must also contain microelements such as magnesium, manganese and copper.

False Pepper: Exposure and Diseases


The false pepper needs exposure sunny and bright and an environment sheltered from the winds too strong; it prefers mild climates but can also bear low temperatures, as long as they are not excessively so, unless the tree is too young. However, it can grow even in partial shade. The overabundant humidity is the enemy of this plant and can cause root rot; this happens especially if the soil is not well drained or if there is an excess of precipitation. If fungi form, it is essential to intervene in time with suitable fungicide products or with a copper oxychloride-based treatment to prevent irreparable damage; the diseased parts must also be eliminated immediately, to ensure that the fungus does not spread.

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