Aromatic plants


How to water and how much to wet the aromatic herbs

Aromatic herbs are plants with particular aromas and virtues. Used in the kitchen they make food tastier and healthier, but they are also used in cosmetics and for their medicinal properties. Most of them can be grown in the garden or in pots on the balcony. In the first case, the plants usually adapt easily to the climate, if mild. Of course, some are more resistant to cold, others love the sun and tolerate dry periods better. Grouping them in a rather summary way, we can say that plants such as mint, fennel, thyme, sage, parsley, chilli and rue, need moderate watering, when the soil is dry. Rosemary, which in nature grows on rocky ridges, like myrtle and oregano, resists well to dry periods, although regular watering will help it thrive. A fundamental difference is given by the cultivation in the garden or in pots. If grown in the ground, aromatic herbs are more autonomous, while when they are kept in pots, perhaps even quite small, watering must be more regular and, in summer, more frequent.

Grow and take care of aromatic herbs

Since there are so many aromatic plants, we usually tend to grow the most common ones at home and those that are used the most. Parsley, celery, garlic, basil, rosemary, sage, mint, lavender, borage and thyme are perhaps among the most used. All are suitable for growing in pots, to be kept even by those who do not have much space, but love to always have the flavors that enrich the dishes available. Some, such as basil or borage, are annual and last only one season, but produce seeds that can be stored and used to be sown the following year. Rosemary, sage, wild fennel and mint survive the winter season, especially in milder climates. To cultivate aromatic herbs for as long as possible, it is good to cut them and prevent them

How and when to fertilize aromatic herbs

Fertilization helps aromatic herbs to grow healthy and luxuriant, as well as fragrant and richer in their active ingredients. A good general rule to follow is to provide them, once a month in the growing season, with a complete fertilizer containing phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen and microelements. There are fairly well balanced liquid fertilizers on the market that can serve the purpose and are easy to dose and administer. A teaspoon of lime in the soil once a year, to be administered to perennials, can be helpful for most aromatic herbs which, very often, prefer non-acid soils. aromatic herbs is to enrich the soil that hosts them with eggshells reduced to pulp.

Herbs: Exposure, diseases and possible remedies

To avoid diseases and herb fungi, the first step to follow is to ensure them have good drainage that allows the water to stagnate on the bottom. Once this is done, to be on the safe side, you need to provide them with an exposure that is bright, relatively sunny (even very sunny, in the case of rosemary) and not excessively humid.The pathologies that can most easily attack aromatic herbs are parasites, such as aphids and larvae, and molds due to too much humidity. In the first case, since herbs are grown for use in cooking, you can try to eliminate insects with natural methods. A morning irrigation carried out with a certain “violence” eliminates a part of insects attached to the plant. The use of water added to substances hated by parasites is effective, such as garlic, horseradish, ginger, and pepper. An infusion is prepared that can be used for a week. If the problem is still not solved, it is worth making a new concoction that is fresh and potent enough. Steaming with Marseille soap and water can also be used, which causes the parasite to die.

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