Aromatic plants

Horseradish

Watering of horseradish

Armoracia is a perennial herb of the Cruciferae which has become famous as horseradish; its stem reaches fifty centimeters, it has large green leaves with small white flowers. It comes from Eastern Europe even if today it is cultivated mainly in America and Asia. The root of horseradish is edible and its flavor is very particular, sweet and spicy. Horseradish needs a supply of water that varies with the variation of the period in which it is cultivated and also in relation to the dryness of the soil. In the cold months and early spring, atmospheric agents such as watering are sufficient, while in the summer it will be necessary to irrigate more frequently, perhaps early in the morning or in the evening. In the end, horseradish still prefers a temperate climate and loves penumbra.

Growing horseradish


The cultivation of horseradish is usually carried out from spring to summer, and is effective both in pots and in the garden. If it takes place in a vase, it is advisable to always place gravel and shards on the bottom to drain the water. Then some crumbly soil is added, rich in shredded compost. In the garden or in the vegetable garden, hoeing is recommended to ensure a good distribution of nutrients. Sowing follows, although quite rare as not all seeds will be fertile. Consequently, the most used method is that of dividing the rhizome by collecting the specimen and dividing the root, then buried in the hole. You will also have to space all the specimens from each other by forming rows.

Fertilize the horseradish


The ideal soil for horseradish is friable and light, but without stagnation of water, therefore drained. Fertilization is carried out with preferably organic fertilizer and a good hoeing which also distributes the best substances in depth to help the rhizome in its growth. Another useful work to do is to fertilize the base of the plant with compost in spring and mulch with grass or straw. In this way, in fact, the humidity is preserved and the earth is protected, as well as modifying the temperature of the soil and reducing diseases and weeds. Organic mulch can be used in any season: in the summer the soil will not get hot allowing the water not to evaporate and in the winter it serves to keep the soil warm and to prevent frost from damaging the roots.

Horseradish: Diseases of horseradish


The best exposure for horseradish is certainly in full sun, although it does appreciate a little shade. Maintenance practices are very useful, such as removing weeds, the important mulching, but also the control of rodents and parasites. In fact, there are insects that cause serious damage to the leaves of the horseradish such as for example the altica which usually settles very well on crucifers. While among the most common diseases it is good to keep in mind that the plant is attacked by viruses and root rot. However, despite the adversity that horseradish has to overcome to grow healthy and lush, its rather spicy-flavored root is frequently used in cooking. Eventually, the horseradish needs to be controlled in order not to become a weed.

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