Aromatic plants

Roman mint

Main characteristics of the Roman mint

Roman mint is a robust plant and grows spontaneously in the plains and in the mountains. It resists prolonged periods of drought and low temperatures only if they do not last too long. However, it prefers soils rich in organic substances and mainly humid. It is a perennial herb and its fragrant leaves can be harvested throughout the year. It is in summer, however, that the green parts of mint contain higher percentages of menthol, which is the substance that releases the well-known fragrance into the air. The Roman mint is a tiny variety and its shrubs do not exceed 40 centimeters in height. The leaves have an average length of two centimeters and are used to flavor savory and sweet dishes.

Cultivation technique and watering


The spearmint prefers sunny areas and well protected from strong drafts. However, the fact remains that it can survive in semi-shaded areas but its fragrance will be less accentuated. In fact, the production of essential oils is directly related to the amount of heat that the herbaceous plant receives: the higher the temperature, the more oil the mint will produce. It can be grown without problems both inside a pot and on the ground. As for watering, irrigate the plants daily during the driest period of the year while in winter the rain waters are more than sufficient. To avoid losing precious essential oils or making them less intense, carefully avoid wetting the leaves.

Therapeutic uses of the mint plant


The most important active ingredient contained within the leaves of the Roman mint is menthol. It is used both in official medicine and in herbal medicine to relieve heartburn as well as to relax any tension present in the intestine. It helps to effectively combat the onset of gastrointestinal pain and facilitates digestion. Mint essence is an appreciated sedative and is also used as an anti-bloodskin. It helps to prevent motion sickness, seasickness and air sickness from occurring but it can also be used to relieve heartburn caused by mosquito bites as it has a strong anti-inflammatory action. Both the decoction and the infusion of mint leaves have a regulating action on the menstrual cycle and relieve pain.

Roman mint: How mint is used


Roman mint can be easily found all year round, both fresh and dried. The leaves, in the summer, are much more fragrant and a smaller quantity is enough to flavor meat-based preparations. With the chopped fresh leaves you can flavor salads and pasta enriched with fish-based sauces.While fresh mint is mainly used in the kitchen, the dried one is more sought after to make decoctions or herbal teas. Essential oil is available on the market but it must be used with caution and under the control of the herbalist to avoid ulcers and gastroesophageal refluxes. It is good to remember that the oil in question must not be ingested by those suffering from liver disease, kidney failure or favism.

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