Aromatic plants

Rosemary plant

Main characteristics of the rosemary plant

The rosemary plant is an evergreen perennial shrub that is present throughout the Mediterranean scrub. It grows spontaneously along the coasts and with the passing of the years it forms rounded bushes that can far exceed one and a half meters in height. It is an aromatic plant that can stand the intense cold and, if continuously subjected to low temperatures and high humidity, it can perish in a short time. The main roots develop appendages that are able to anchor themselves tenaciously to the ground. The stem is woody and in older plants it grows straight. The leaves, on the other hand, are similar to thin needles, characterized by a green upper page and a silvery lower one. Their aroma is used both in cooking and for medical or herbal purposes.

Variety of rosemary

The varieties of rosemary are numerous and among the most appreciated for their aroma there are undoubtedly the foliis aureis and the piramidalis. The first variety has leaves characterized by a yellow border while the plant of the second named species tends to develop compact pyramids instead of round bushes over the years. Lavadulascens has blue flowers while most other varieties have lilac-colored inflorescences, with the exception of albiflorus which has candid flowers. Suffolk and majorca varieties resist drought well but can survive even the harshest winters. However, their aroma is less pronounced than others and are used above all to create hedges or to border flower beds in an original way.

Properties of rosemary

The rosemary plant was known since ancient times for its balsamic properties. The essential oils obtained from its leaves are used to create remedies to aid digestion but also to combat spasms. Rosemary is a good antiseptic and can be used to stop diarrhea. The decoction made with dried leaves has an astringent power and is able to relieve the problems caused by varicose veins by promoting blood circulation. The essential oil of rosemary that is obtained from the flowers is an excellent antibacterial but is also used in the cosmetics sector to make perfumes and soaps. The active ingredients contained in the plant are found in shampoos and help degrease the hair and make it particularly shiny.

Rosemary plant: Cultivation and soil

The rosemary plant can be multiplied in various systems but the most effective and fastest is undoubtedly the use of cuttings. It is necessary to take a lignified twig approximately twenty centimeters long from a robust mother plant in the spring. At this point they must be buried in a pot containing peat mixed with sand. Place the cuttings in an area sheltered from direct sunlight and that does not have a maximum temperature higher than 10 ° C. After a few weeks the first roots will appear and at this point you can move the pots to a place more exposed to direct sunlight. Before transplanting the rosemary, wait at least another month for the roots to strengthen and be able to resist better the intermperias.

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