Aromatic plants

Turmeric plant

When and how much to water

The Curcuma plant comes from the rhizome that sprouts with the arrival of the spring season. This period coincides with the start of irrigation, which will become regular and frequent throughout the summer and until the autumn season. Providing the correct water supply ensures prolonged flowering and plant growth. It is very important not to exceed in quantities, as the creation of stagnation in the saucer can easily lead to the onset of dangerous molds and rot. If the daytime temperatures become too dry in the summer, it is advisable to cool the leaves with nebulisations or sprays. In autumn, when the leaves begin to perish, watering is suspended completely, leaving the rhizome to rest in mild climatic contexts. The administrations are resumed directly the

How to take care of it

The genus called Curcuma includes about forty species and varieties. The flowering period of these plants begins in summer and lasts until the beginning of the autumn season. These plants prefer a soft and very light substrate, consisting mainly of garden soil, peat and coarse sand. Furthermore, to increase the drainage of watering it is advisable to mix handfuls of expanded clay with the soil, eliminating the possibility of creating dangerous stagnation of water. The Curcuma plant is not afraid of hot and sultry summer temperatures but is strongly affected by those below 15 degrees. To keep the rhizomes in optimal conditions, it may be advisable to store them in sheltered environments, away from the cold winter temperatures.

How and when to fertilize

When in spring the rhizome of the Curcuma plant ends its vegetative rest, the foliar emission resumes. In this period it is advisable to start administering a good specific fertilizer, to better support growth, obtaining abundant flowering in late spring. The product indicated for this type of plant is a fertilizer for flowering plants, which contains the main essential macro elements, especially nitrogen and potassium. It is important never to exceed the dosage, always following the instructions on the labels. The administrations must be cyclical and must be repeated approximately every two weeks, during the summer months. Generally, in the month of September the leaves begin to dry up, at this point it is necessary to completely suspend the fertilizations.

Turmeric Plant: Exposure, Diseases and Remedies

The best exposure for Turmeric plants is very bright, but away from direct sunlight that could damage the leaves by burning them. They can also grow in partial shade, but the floral production will be affected, which will be more contained and reduced. This kind of plant is very resistant to attacks by parasites but during the hot summer days, it can be affected by the spider mite or by aphids. The most appropriate intervention is through the use of specific products and if the insects are not many, it is useful to try to eliminate them all with a soaked cotton swab. More frequent are the fungal diseases that can arise in the rhizome, due to excessive irrigation. In these cases, it is advisable to suspend watering and treat the rhizome with fungicides.

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