Aromatic plants

Wild fennel

Irrigation and sowing of fennel

Wild fennel does not need a lot of water. By evaluating the season and the rainfall of the area where it is grown, the frequency and quantity of watering is adjusted. Like other crops grown in the open field, irrigation is done when the soil is dry and no rain is expected in the following days. During the summer it is necessary to water in the coolest hours of the day, such as early in the morning or after the sun has set. The wild fennel needs to be exposed to the direct sun, so you have to carefully choose a sunny area where you plant it. Sowing of wild fenneltakes place during the spring season or in winter if there are greenhouses available. The plants born will be planted in the month of April.

How to cultivate

For the cultivation of wild fennel, it is necessary to make sure to avoid water stagnation, for this reason it mixes with the sand earth, if there is none. Wild fennel should be grown in areas where the temperature is above three degrees in the winter, otherwise the plants could die or otherwise suffer. The wild fennel flowers must be cut before the seeds ripen in order to be able to control the spread of the plants, in fact the seeds would fly all over the field without stopping. Plants are usually cut at the base before the winter cold, and then mulch on the ground using straw and the like. This guarantees the survival of the roots and therefore new growth in the following season.

Collection and conservation

Fennel fertilization must be done before sowing, using mature manure or fertilizers based on potassium and phosphorus and nitrogen. It is good not to overdo these minerals, as the plant assimilates nitrates very quickly. The contribution is carried out in two distinct moments, one before thinning out the plants and the other twenty days after the first fertilization. Speaking of harvesting wild fennel, its shoots and new leaves can be picked up throughout the seasons. The seeds should be collected after they are completely ripe but before they fall to the ground. They are then dried, cleaned and stored in glass jars, to avoid the creation of mold that would damage the entire production.

Wild fennel: properties and possible diseases

The properties of wild fennel are many and have been discovered for some time, in fact this herb has already been used for hundreds of years. Of course, the best known and most exploited properties are the stimulant and digestive ones, but you should know that this plant has excellent antispasmodic properties and helps eliminate excess gas from the intestine. Moreover, its antiseptic properties have not been discovered long ago, in fact, its infusion is used for eye irritation or gargle in case of bad breath. Speaking of problems and diseases that can attack wild fennel, we remember the rot of both the collar and the roots and the plumbing. There are also parasitic insects such as aphids and moths that can settle on plants.

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