Aromatic plants

Wild fennel

How to irrigate wild fennel

Wild fennel does not need a lot of water. Depending on the time of year and the rainfall of the cultivation areas, the amount of irrigation is adjusted. Like any plant that is grown in the open field, irrigation must be done when the earth is dry and no rain is expected in the days to come. During the summer season it is necessary to remember to bathe in the coolest hours of the day, such as early in the morning or after the sun has set. The exposure of wild fennel must be sunny, keeping it sheltered from the wind, which could bend the stems, damaging the plants until they die. The sowing of wild fennel should be done during the spring or during the winter if you have a greenhouse. The seedlings born will be transplanted in April.

How to grow the plant

To devote yourself to wild fennel you must try not to create stagnant water, for this reason it mixes with the sand soil, if there is none naturally. It is best to grow wild fennel in areas where the temperature is consistently above four degrees throughout the winter season, otherwise the plants could die or be damaged. The inflorescences of wild fennel must be cut before the ripening of the seeds in order to control the spread of the plant, in fact the seeds could go all over the field causing an infestation. It is good to keep the cultivation in suitable spaces. However, the plants should be cut at the base before the winter frosts, and then mulch using straw.

Fertilization and harvesting of fennel

The fertilization of wild fennel must be carried out in two distinct moments. The first must be done when the flowers are cut, the second, after about twenty days. Mature manure is used, which guarantees a good supply of nutrients. Regarding the harvest of wild fennel, the shoots and leaves can be cut during all seasons. The seeds should be harvested after full ripeness, but before they fall to the ground. After drying them, it is possible to keep them in jars, so as not to give birth to the mold that would make all the production unusable. The flowers must be cut before the seeds fall, towards the end of summer, the branches, instead they are united in bunches and dried in the sun for a few days, until there is no trace of humidity.

Wild fennel: properties and possible diseases

The properties of wild fennel are many and have been known for centuries, in fact this herb was already widely used since ancient times. Certainly the best known and used properties are the stimulant and digestive ones, but this perennial plant has remarkable antispasmodic properties and helps to expel gases from the intestine. In addition, its antiseptic properties were also discovered recently and for this reason, after making an infusion, it is used to relieve eye inflammation or to gargle. Speaking of problems and diseases that can affect wild fennel, we recall root rot and plumbing. There are also parasitic insects, such as aphids and moths that could seriously damage plants.

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