Plants

Asparagus fern (Asparagus sprengeri)

The Asparagus sprengeri is a plant native to Europe, Asia and Africa, specifically coastal and sandy areas where it fully develops. It belongs to the Asparagaceae family, which is made up of numerous species of perennial plants.

characteristics

It is commonly known as asparagus, being extended, covering or hanging plants, which have a certain similarity to the pine leaf and are capable of reaching approximately one meter in length. In their natural space they can measure up to three meters.

They are plants that have only the basal part because the new shoots are herbaceous, provided with an underground stem that is transformed to store and that through this condition allows the plant to survive in extreme conditions, which can be both in seasons with cold as in extreme droughts.

The Asparagus sprengeri is characterized by presenting very thin stems, which are provided with rigid, flattened leaves and an intense green that is one of its main attractions. It also consists of small pinkish-white flowers with a soft but splendid perfume.

As for the way in which this plant can multiply, it is common to find the method that refers to the seed found in the red berry or through the leaf divisions, taking advantage of the tuberous roots.

This plant has a very ancient origin and was apparently spread throughout the Mediterranean by the Egyptians. The Asparagus sprengeri is a plant with an intense green that differentiates it from others due to its tones. It is very leafy, which makes it ideal as an ornamental plant, being able to see it in various compositions.

Culture

To grow this plant you need soils rich in organic matter. Therefore it is recommended to mix with sand to ensure proper drainage. A totally neutral pH is a priority, since excess lime can cause chlorosis.

As we have said before, this plant can grow indoors or outdoors, with cold or heat, that is, it is resistant to low temperatures.

It is not advisable to place it under direct sun, however it can adapt, but with the direct condition of losing the intense green that characterizes it until it becomes fully accustomed. Ideally, it can grow under shade.

It must be watered constantly, ensuring drainage, but dry periods are better for it than with permanently moist soil. For this reason, good drainage cannot be lacking, as this will guarantee its correct development.

Despite the fact that it is a plant that can be used to different types of climates, it is quite demanding with regard to the fertilizers that must be used. The compost should be made for 15 to 20 days and it should contain high levels of phosphorus and potassium.

The flowers of the Asparagus sprengeri are of short duration, approximately they can last between two or three weeks. It is a plant that can be extended and also grown in pots to be used on balconies and interior decorations.

Pests

To avoid diseases and pests, it is advisable to gradually remove the dry leaves, because this species is not pruned. The tools to be used for this process must be sterilized, so that the utensil used can be prevented from infecting the plant tissues.

Among the pests that can affect this asparagus are the Thrips or lice, which can cause the leaves to roll.

Among some of the fungi that could attack it are Botrytis, Rhizoctonia, among others. The Asparagus sprengeri is not a difficult plant, rather it needs some care so that it grows without problems.

Applications

There is a part of this plant that is edible and it is wild asparagus that contains vitamin C, B complex, minerals, iron, in addition to nitrogen, in the same way there is an inexhaustible source of amino acids and succinic acid.

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