Plants

Broom flowers

Nature in yellow

The broom is a plant known and widespread since ancient times, which in Italy grows in many areas as spontaneous vegetation. Of this fascinating plant it is above all the yellow flowers that strike, because they are very pleasant and with a bright color, able to give an immediate sense of joy to the environment and liveliness to the environment. Brooms have been used since ancient times not only as decorative elements, but also for the many beneficial properties linked to their active ingredients. The Greeks and the ancient Romans used them to attract bees, which thus produced excellent honey. However, this feature must be taken into consideration: given the appreciation expressed by this type of insects, it is advisable not to place them too close to the entrance of the house or in the areas to be used for relaxation. open air, to avoid annoying company. The broom, in any case, has a wide development for which cultivation directly in the ground is preferable, while the optimal climate favors its arrangement in the outdoor spaces, which will be immediately enlivened by the abundant yellow and intensely fragrant flowering of the broom.

Genera and species

Despite the characteristic yellow of the broom, the salient features can be very different from species to species. There are, in fact, many varieties of broom, each with its own style and characteristics, to be selected based on the type of soil, the conditions of maintenance and care and, no less important, to design your own green space, also from an aesthetic point of view. Among the main species we remember the Cytisus Canariensisi, which is characterized by a very intense perfume, the Cytisus Grandiflorus, particularly appreciated for the large size of its flowers. This variety can even reach three meters in height, while if you are looking for a large broom you can also evaluate another species that reaches up to five meters, the

Cytisus Battandieri to which, with adequate pruning, it is possible to give a graceful collected shape. Much smaller, on the other hand, is the hybrid, ideal for not very large spaces, Cytisus Procumbens: usually it does not exceed half a meter in height. The selection of the varieties, therefore, allows a wide choice and the possibility of identifying the broom more in line with one’s needs, to make cultivation a pleasure and not a difficult task.

Cultivation of the broom


The broom is a plant that is easy to grow, but which needs some attention so that its development is not excessive and too messy. This is largely influenced by the selected variety of broom: it is natural that for those with greater development, pruning will have a more restraining role, while for dwarf hybrids it will be a way to strengthen the plant and to give it an orderly appearance. The cultivation of this plant is simple thanks to its extraordinary ability to adapt: ​​it requires bright areas and does not fear direct exposure to the sun’s rays, as it does not fear even long periods of drought or thermal changes and very low or very high temperatures: for this can be safely grown directly in the garden, without the need for pots to be moved when needed. The broom also adapts from the point of view of the soil, as long as it is adequately draining and allows the water to filter deeply, where the roots will absorb it without incurring the risk of water stagnation, dangerous for the broom and its health. Pruning will be performed at the end of autumn, when the flowering period will be over, while with the arrival of spring and during the flowering period, fertilizer will be shed on a regular basis, to favor a more abundant production of flowers and a more luxuriant growth.


The broom flowersthey are precious not only as important allies for garden decoration, but also for the phytotherapeutic use that can be made of them: in this, however, it is necessary to be very careful to distinguish the individual species. The odorous broom, for example, has flowers that are poisonous to humans and therefore should not be used: each plant must be evaluated case by case. In general, it is possible to attribute to the broom flowers the diuretic properties that make them effective in the case of herbal teas and decoctions and widely used in phytotherapy, also thanks to the good flavor they are able to release. The common broom also has laxative, sedative and vasoconstrictive properties. In particular, the charcoal broom has beneficial properties on the kidneys and is often used for products capable of purifying this part of the body, while the common broom is also used because of its cardiotonic properties. In stressful periods, in which sleep can fail, a broom herbal tea can be an excellent natural remedy that at the same time also allows you to regulate and purify the body: these products can also be prepared at home, provided that you actually know each other. the species and their properties.

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