Plants

Buddleia

The butterfly tree

Buddleia is a plant belonging to the buddlejaceae family. It looks like a tree, or a shrub, with inflorescences that take the form of long panicles. It is found widespread in nature, especially in the steppes of eastern Asia, but also in some areas of Africa and America. There are about a hundred species, whose bushes can grow considerably in height. There are specimens up to 30 meters tall, although garden varieties generally do not exceed two and a half meters. Gardeners also make a distinction between deciduous and persistent leafed buddleia . The color of their flowers is very varied: it can range from violet to white, from yellow to lilac. To be able to plant a buddleia in the garden, you must get a tuft of roots, to be planted in the period from October to April.

The varieties of buddleia


The main varieties of buddleia that you can choose for your garden are the following: – Buddleja japonica, has purple or lilac flowers; – Buddleja globosa, differs from the others because its flowers are small and round and not in the form of a panicle; – Buddleja asiatica, has white flowers; – Buddleja madagascariensis, has yellow flowers, but the most widespread is the Buddleja davidii, which is also called summer lilac or butterfly bush. It is characterized by the fact that it produces spikes of flowers with an intense purple color, which due to the weight often tend to curve downwards. These flowers have a very intense scent, reminiscent of vanilla, which attracts butterflies, which in fact often gather around their corollas. All of the species listed above are quite simple to grow.

How to plant buddleia


Once the root shrub has been purchased, it must be planted in well-drained soil. You have to dig a hole rather deep, at least 40 or 50 cm, putting on the bottom of the horn, which is a fertilizer of animal origin that is easily found on sale in specialized shops. The buddleia roots, slightly sprouted, are placed inside and filled with a mixture of planting soil and manure. The earth must be compacted carefully, and then watered abundantly, so that it all binds well. At this point, if the buddleia has taken root, the first flowering can already occur in the summer. Watering must be abundant just to tie the plant, while later the buddleia will not need much water.

Buddleia: How to cure buddleia


Once it has taken root, the buddleia won’t need much care later on. Watering must be carried out on alternate days only during the summer period, otherwise it tolerates drought very well. The trick to be taken so that its blooms are always luxuriant is to prune it drastically during the winter. All dead or even weak parts must be eliminated, so that the central part becomes stronger. The buddleia loves the sun very much, so it would be good to put the pot in which it is contained in a sunny corner, or to choose, to cultivate it, a very bright area of ​​the garden. Furthermore, buddleia is a plant that is very rarely affected by parasites, and can be fed with organic fertilizer in autumn and spring.

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