Bulbs

Agapanthus

The charm of the African lily

Agapanthus, native to Southern Africa, boasts growing diffusion also in Europe due to the elegant flowers and elongated leaves, equally decorative. There are over six hundred different cultivars of the plant, with variegated shapes and colors ranging from white to blue, to blue and purple. The single flowers gather in large rounded inflorescences, which rise surrounded by long leaves, glossy, leathery and thick, which grow with a ribbon-like structure and develop mainly in the spring period. If grown in a favorable area and in optimal conditions, the long, rigid and erect stem can reach a meter in height, gaining a leading role in the garden or inside the apartment. Not just the flowers, but also the long leaves during the winter period dry up and fall, while the plant enters its period of vegetative rest. The flowers, on the other hand, which in the spring flowering period bloom one after the other inside the same inflorescence, falling give way to new buds, which already develop to give life during the season following the new flowering. The cultivation of agapants is particularly widespread in Italy in areas where the climate is milder, in line with the needs of the plant, which here develops more luxuriantly even in outdoor environments. as they fall, they give way to new buds, which already develop to give life in the course of the season following the new flowering. The cultivation of agapants is particularly widespread in Italy in areas where the climate is milder, in line with the needs of the plant, which here develops more luxuriantly even in outdoor environments. as they fall, they give way to new buds, which already develop to give life in the course of the season following the new flowering. The cultivation of agapants is particularly widespread in Italy in areas where the climate is milder, in line with the needs of the plant, which here develops more luxuriantly even in outdoor environments.

Cultivation


In Italy, agapanthus are also widespread, characterized by perennial leaves and flowers, with larger dimensions than the deciduous ones. In the first case, cultivation in open spaces is easier, while the second case will require some extra care and placement in closed and sheltered environments, especially in the winter, when cold temperatures can put a strain on the survival of the plant. Anyway, in general the agapanthusthey can be affected by frosts, therefore in places that are subject to it it is advisable to provide for cultivation in pots, so as to be able to bring the plant in dark and sheltered environments in the coldest months or weeks. In the winter period, even watering will be very limited, while for the whole year it is advisable to avoid water stagnation. The ideal cultivation soil is made up of soil, peat and sand: the plants require plenty of space to be able to develop at their best, therefore we do not recommend the presence of more than two agapanthus plants per pot, or in any case a placement on the ground with at least twenty centimeters of distance between seedlings.

Care and precautions


For a plant that can flower at its best and grow luxuriantly, in the spring period it is advisable to dilute a liquid fertilizer in the irrigation water to be spread approximately every two or three weeks, until the buds disappear. usually in late summer. On the other hand, pruning operations are not necessary: ​​it is sufficient to eliminate the leaves as they dry up, both for aesthetic reasons and to obviate the risk of parasitic diseases developing. Agapanthus plants must be handled, for operations that require direct and prolonged contact, with the use of gloves as they contain poisonous substances that can be irritating to humans. One of the features that make the agapanthus of easy cultivation, however, is its resistance to attacks by parasites, if the plant is in fact kept free from drying leaves. Agapanthus, on the other hand, fears snails, whose presence must be eliminated. Other factors that can jeopardize the growth and survival of the plant are water stagnation, which would lead the roots to rot. A similar phenomenon could also occur if the plants are placed too close together, without enough space to grow freely. Other factors that can jeopardize the growth and survival of the plant are water stagnation, which would lead the roots to rot. A similar phenomenon could also occur if the plants are placed too close together, without enough space to grow freely. Other factors that can jeopardize the growth and survival of the plant are water stagnation, which would lead the roots to rot. A similar phenomenon could also occur if the plants are placed too close together, without enough space to grow freely.

Agapanthus: Reproduction


The reproduction of the agapanthus occurs mainly by seed or by division of the rhizomes. The second method will allow rapid development, even if the plant does not always actually develop if the operation is not done properly. The multiplication of the rhizomes is carried out mainly in autumn and it is necessary to be able to maintain well-developed roots for each of the two rhizomes thus obtained. In the case of multiplication by seed, however, it must be taken into account that it will take a long time, up to a few years, before being able to enjoy the flowers of the new plant generated by the bulb. The bulb, as mentioned, must be placed in a pot or in the ground, according to the climatic characteristics, taking into account the space necessary for the plant, once developed, to grow and to draw the necessary nourishment from the soil. If you plant more bulbs, it will be necessary to consider sufficient space for the development of the roots and inflorescences, which can develop very widely. The choice between a cultivation in pot and a cultivation in the ground will be guided by the climatic conditions and by the possible need to repair the plant in the winter period, especially in the first years of life, if the temperatures can drop a lot during the cold season.

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