The genus called Amaryllis, flower bulbs

With the common name of Amaryllis we call the species of bulbous plants included in the genus called Amaryllis in botany, belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family. These plants are native to southern Africa and easily adapt to the Mediterranean climate. They are often confused with the Hippeastrum genus, due to the similarly shaped but smaller flowers. In the northern regions the bulbs are grown as indoor plants while in the south they can live in the open ground, if they are protected from frosts and cold currents. The specimens of Amaryllis are characterized by the foliage several tens of centimeters long, linear, bright green. The flowers open on erect, large, trumpet-shaped and drooping-looking flower stems, they are fragrant and can be pink, white and red.

The planting of the bulbs of Amaryllis plants

Amaryllis bulbs are more resistant to cold climates than species called Hippeastrum. Depending on the climatic zones in which they are grown, they can be planted during the autumn or spring season. The containers must be large as the bulb requires a depth of about fifteen to twenty centimeters to germinate. The soil consists of portions of garden soil, peat and coarse sand. To keep the ambient humidity constant, it is advisable to nebulize frequently. The ideal temperature is around twenty degrees and the new specimens of Amaryllis should be placed in bright and protected areas from the currents. Before the foliar emission the floral stem develops and only after flowering do the ribbon-like leaves grow and develop.

Cultivation techniques of Amaryllis flower bulbs

The different species of Amaryllis are grown for ornamental purposes to create flower beds in the garden and can also grow in pots. The soil must be absolutely well drained, as these plants fear deleterious water stagnations that lead to the onset of rot, causing the deterioration of the delicate root system. The soil is fertile, fresh and mixed with coarse sand. Amaryllis specimens grown as indoor plants can be stored outdoors in spring and summer. These bulbous plants adapt easily to both sunny and partial shade areas. The irrigations are periodic but not abundant, during the flowering and the emission of the leaves. The fertilizations are to be administered regularly especially in spring,

The different species and varieties of Amaryllis bulbs

Among the species belonging to the genus called Amaryllis, the best known is the so-called Amaryllis belladonna. The inflorescences are united and are made up of several buds which when they open take on a drooping posture. The flowers are mainly pink but can also be found solid red or variegated with white. The bulbs of Amaryllis Aphrodite are characterized by large double white petals, decorated at the edges with delicate shades of red. Another variety obtained through selection and crossing is the hybrid called Amaryllis Gervase also known as Amaryllis Fantasy. The petals at the tip are slightly pointed, large and pink in color, with streaks of intense shades of red that branch off from the center of the glass.

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