Cultivation of tulips

The tulip: general description

The tulip is a plant, variously colored, belonging to the bulbous and perennial family. The tulip is widely used to embellish both terraces, flower beds and gardens. In addition, you can compose beautiful bouquets, even for brides. The genus to which it belongs is the so-called Tulipa. The plant consists of an underground bulb. From the bulb a straight stem is generated, with an intense green color, on which few leaves sprout. On each stem, as a rule, only one flower is born. The flower is cup-shaped, with three petals. It can also come in many shades of color. Throughout history it has become the symbol of Holland, but in reality it grows in many parts of the world, from Southern Europe, to China, Africa, etc. Holland is, however, the largest tulip producer.

The classification of tulips

There is a classification of the different species of tulips which, based on the different morphology and size of the plants, has fifteen types of tulips: 1) Single early – between 25 and 60 cm, with a rounded cup; 2) Double early – between 30 and 40 cm, with flowers similar to those of the peony; 3) Triumph – between 35 and 60 cm, with a very weatherproof cup; 4) Darwin hybrids – between 50 and 70 cm, with large and brightly colored flowers; 5) Single late – between 45 and 75 cm, with an oval or square cup; 6) Lily-flowered – between 50 and 65 cm, with pointed flowers; 7) Fringed – between 55 and 80 cm, with fringe petals; 8) Viridiflora – between 25 and 60 cm, also known as green tulips due to the color of the petals; 9) Rembrandt – between 45 and 75 cm, with mottled flowers; 10) Parrot – between 50 and 65 cm, with a large flower and two colors; 11) Double late – between 40 and 60 cm, these also resemble peonies; 12) Kaufmannina – between 10 and 25 cm, with long flowers; 13) Fosteriana – between 20 and 40 cm, with bright flowers; 14) Greigii – between 25 and 50 cm; 15) Species – between 8 and 45 cm, with small and delicate flowers.

Tulip cultivation

Having originated in mountainous areas, the growth of the tulip needs a period, called vernalization, at low temperatures, during which the bulb of the plant must be planted in autumn and outdoors, so as to be exposed to the cold. The bulb should be planted 10 or 20 cm below the ground. The cultivation of the tulip must therefore be carried out in autumn, the flowering will take place after one year. This plant prefers sun exposure, in areas that are not particularly windy. It takes at least 5 to 6 hours a day for the plant to receive direct sunlight. The tulip grows well where the spring is cool and long and the summer is hot and not rainy. Being a plant that originates in cold places, it does not fear at all the low temperatures for which the cultivation of the tulip can be carried out,

Tulip cultivation: Tulip cultivation: watering, soil, fertilization

The cultivation of tulips is also simple because they are plants that do not need special watering. Usually this should only be done more often if the tulip grows in pots and in areas not affected by frequent rainfall. The ideal soil for this cultivation is clayey, garden, lightened by the presence of peat. Fertilization is carried out by adding mature manure to the soil. During the flowering season – February / May – we then proceed with the addition of liquid fertilizers that must be diluted in the irrigation water. As for pruning, the tulip does not require any, only the withered flowers must be removed if there are any. At the end of the year,

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