Daffodil (Narcissus)

The Narcissus flower owes its name to the Greek word “narke” which means paralysis or stupor. Although the flower is popularly associated or attributed to its name due to the narcotic fragrance it emits or due to its poisonous nature due to its bulbs.

The flowers are commonly yellow or white in many of their cases, characterized by their narrow tubular base, have three petals and three sepals and a central cup-shaped appendage that can be of a color that contrasts with the rest of the flower.


The Narcissus is native to the Mediterranean regions and some can be found in Asian areas such as China. The flowers found in America were brought from Europe by the colonizers, in addition to other places, such as Sicily, Britain and Holland, places where it is grown in large quantities.

Narcissus varieties

Its family includes dozens of hybrid species in forms and varieties, the most common flower being the white Narcissus. Some varieties have dark colors, others are round and have spike-shaped clusters, some have more fragrances than others, and some flower earlier than others.

Among the most common varieties of Narcissus we can highlight:

Narcissus pseudonarcissus

The Narcissus pseudonarcissus is a European flower that has bright stripes that gives color to the forests and grasslands, welcoming spring. Although the flower is popularly known as Easter lily, it is actually a member of the Maryllidaceae family, therefore it is not considered to be a lily.

Narcissus triandrus

The Narcissus triandrus is a wild flower commonly known as angel tears, because they are usually inclined at the top. This flower can be seen in the forests and pastures of Spain and Portugal.

The flower is a creamy white color that reaches yellow tones with its curved petals and a small, rounded crown. The flowers are born in mid-spring, being one of the most fragrant. Its name comes from the story of a beautiful young woman who was so fascinated with her image reflected in a lake, that she moved away from the gods and as punishment they turned her into a flower.

Narcissus bulbocodium

This third variety called Narcissus bulbocodium has yellow trumpet-shaped petals, they are large and bold with some slender star-shaped petals. It is popularly known as ” golden bells ” and it is perfect for exhibitions in spring, they are one of the varieties that most resist the weather and spectacular flower arrangements can be made with them.


Narcissus bulbs are very easy to grow as they require little maintenance and with minimal care you can get them to multiply quickly, achieving a beautiful visual spectacle every year.

They are not usually demanding with the soil, since the flower can occur anywhere, although well-drained soils, surrounded by shadows and with little predominant sunlight are preferable. You must bear in mind that each Narcissus has or requires different care, depending on the class to which they belong.

The plantings of bulbs must be carried out from August to November, at a slight depth and in pots or containers specially adapted for their reproduction. In gardens, it is best to plant them a little deep, perhaps, about 15cm.

When you notice that the color of the flower has faded, it is better to eliminate them because it can cause problems for the other petals that are still in formation. After you have removed the foliage, you should keep it, as it has important nutrients that you will use for future generations. You can leave some petals on the ground where they lie, so that they take advantage of the nutrients they have during that period.

The flowering time depends on the type of soil that we have in our garden and especially on the species, being able to bloom the Daffodils from February to May. However there are also some wild species that bloom in autumn or winter. A tip for propagation is to divide the clumps together during the summer and then distribute them in the garden, in this way the soil will be nourished through the decomposition of the flower.


Like most hardy plants, the daffodil uses very little water per week while its flowers are thriving. Draining the soil is important for a better propagation together with the nutrients from the removed bulbs; With this you can make the soil suitable for your next generation of plants. Most organic fertilizers can be added directly into the planting hole because they are very tame and cannot burn the plant.

Once the flowers are born, it is best to keep it out of sunlight and place it in a cool area. This will prolong the flowering period. You can find the Narcissus flowers in different shades of orange, yellow and white. The flower has a history of purity, giving rise to meanings through its color and physical characteristics.

A flower for every occasion

  • Encourage a friend or family member after a loss.
  • Remember that spring is on its way.
  • Raise your spirits in recovering from a depressive illness.
  • Graduations, a promotion at work, due to its association with obtaining wealth.
  • Baby births.


The Narcissus flower has some negative aspects due to the origin of its name with narcissism. Despite that, this flower is ideal to remind someone that there is always an occasion and opportunity for things to improve. The flower signifies regeneration and transformation. The Victorians considered it a selfish flower, while the Asians used it to embody future prosperity and fortune.


A typical pest is the daffodil fly which is a wild fly. It lays its eggs on the plant, the larvae migrate to the ground and then eat the entire bulb and the entire plant. The only way to end these is to pour very hot water over the larvae. Then there are also field mice. They love narcissus bulbs, so sometimes these little animals can become quite a pest.

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