Bulbs

Gladioli

The gladioli of wounded love

Gladioli are among the most popular bulbous plants for cultivation, but also for the cut flower: the large flowers that follow one another dense upwards are in fact endowed with enormous charm and the gladiolus turns out to be a plant with a thousand personalities, thanks to the many existing variants, able to give life to the most diverse flowers with the most colorful aspects. The gladiolus is a flower that has always been linked to love, symbolizing the struggle for conquest or the wounds it causes: this meaning can already be read in the name, which among the ancient Romans identified the sword, or the gladius, precisely for away from the tapered shape of this bulbous plant. Native to the Mediterranean and Africa, the gladiolithey are well suited to hot climates, but can also be grown indoors, taking up minimal space, guaranteeing great visual impact. The gladiolus, belonging to the iridaceae family, develops a sturdy stem that grows upwards, giving rise to elongated and tapered leaves and large flowers that follow one another along the stem at a close distance depending on the species.

Cultivation


The gladioli can be cultivated in the environment open in those areas by the warm climate and by very mild winters: being a Mediterranean and African plant, bears the heat, but does not fit to live in very cold or between the air currents, from which it must be well protected. Whether in the garden or inside the house, at the gladiolusmany hours of light and an arrangement in bright environments must be guaranteed in order to favor its fascinating flowering. The soil must be rich in organic matter, but well draining in order to avoid water stagnation, very harmful to the bulb, which could rot, thus leading to the death of the entire plant. It is sufficient to water the plant whenever the soil is dry, more frequently during the flowering period and reducing the waterings during the vegetative rest period of the plant. About a month after flowering, the dry and yellowed leaves are eliminated, allowing the bulbs to accumulate precious nutritional elements for the following season, and the bulbs are unearthed, which are dried waiting for the following spring, when they will be put back into pots. or on the ground.

Planting


The planting of gladiolus bulbs can be carried out both in pots and in the ground, although this second solution is the most suitable. It is possible to place more gladioli even at close range, since the bulbs do not require particular space to develop roots: in this way it will be possible to create a cheerful and lively spot of color. Planting should be done in early spring, when the climate is mild and flowering can take place without problems for the plant. It is recommended to place the bulb at a depth of about 10 cm in the ground. If the gladiolus is grown in pots, it is advisable to decant it every four or five years, again in the spring, to allow the bulb to develop as needed. In the ground, the gladiolithey can also be planted concurrently with other shrub species, to decorate hedges and bushes: the advantage, in this case, is precisely that of the limited space required by the gladiolus bulb, which therefore does not take away too much space and nourishment from the other roots of the other plants. However, it is necessary to ascertain the compatibility of the individual species, to be sure that they can actually coexist without causing damage to each other.

Gladioli: Diseases and pests


Despite the ability to adapt to climatic conditions, gladiolithey are not particularly resistant plants to attacks by fungi and parasites and for this reason it is necessary to defend and protect them. Recognizing the presence of a pest is possible with the naked eye: parasites are usually large enough to be visible in the form of dots of different colors on the leaves, flowers or stem, depending on the type of pest. Fungi also alter the natural color of the gladiolus causing spotted areas: observing the plant is therefore the first step to identify any colonies in progress and to intervene as soon as possible, so that the parasites cannot spread. The only way to protect the plant, in fact, is to completely free it from the presence of fungi and parasites that would otherwise start spreading again and lead to the death of the gladiolus itself. Prevention is also very important, to be carried out periodically with specific products, always being careful not to recreate the environmental conditions that favor the development of pests, such as water stagnation or the presence of an environment that is too humid and shady, with little turnover. air and poor lighting.

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