Bulbs

Hyacinth bulbs

The hyacinth

Hyacinth is a plant of the Asparagaceae family, native to Asia Minor and tropical areas of Africa. Its botanical name is Hyacinthus, and it is a bulb flower that includes many different species. The three most common are the Italian Hyacinth, which has the bulb covered by a purple film and which produces white or lilac flowers; the Roman Hyacinth, which is the one with the earliest flowering and which lends itself to forcing; and finally the Dutch Hyacinth, which has very abundant inflorescences. The color of the hyacinth flowers, which are tubular in shape with starry ends, varies from white, to lilac, to pink, to red, to yellow: they are really a joy for the eyes when they bloom, and at the same time they have a very intense and unmistakable.

How to grow hyacinth bulbs


Hyacinth bulbs are easily found commercially in nurseries and garden stores. They can be purchased in late autumn, since the best time to bury them is that of the first colds, ie from October to December. Even if the hyacinth is a plant native to warm countries, in fact, it resists low temperatures well, and prefers outdoor cultivation, although it can also be grown in pots and kept in the apartment. What it absolutely needs, however, is the sun. Legend has it that Giacinto was a child loved by the god Apollo: and in fact the flower tends to follow the sun in its course. Very important, then, is the composition of the soil, which must be rich in mineral salts and above all must ensure excellent drainage, since the hyacinth bulbs are very afraid of stagnation of water,

How to plant hyacinth bulbs


Hyacinth bulbs should be buried by placing the roots downwards, and holding the small inflorescence upwards instead. The depth at which the hole has to be dug is about 15-20 centimeters, whether you put the bulb in a flower bed or in a pot. An adequate space must be left between one bulb and the other, so that the flowers do not bother each other. The first corollas will blossom from March, if you take care to keep the earth constantly wet, and to fertilize with a liquid fertilizer with a gradual release. After flowering, the hyacinth does not need to be pruned, only the dried flowers have to be removed. Finally, when the flowering is over, we wait for the bulb to create the bulbils, and then remove it from the ground waiting to bury it again the following year.

Hyacinth bulbs: The forcing of hyacinth bulbs


There is a second mode that can be used to achieve potted flowering of hyacinth bulbs. This is the so-called forcing, which is never advisable because it exhausts the vital force of the bulb itself prematurely, which, more often than not, afterwards, simply needs to be thrown away. However, you can try to bury it. The forcing is used to have the hyacinths in bloom even in the middle of winter, and consists in putting the bulb in a glass vase: models designed specifically for this purpose are sold, with the upper and lower part separated by a bottleneck. Basically, the bulb is immersed in water, and the top is covered with aluminum foil, to keep it away from light. This will stimulate the release of the sprout,

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