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Main care of clivia

Clivia, whose scientific name is Clivia miniata, is a beautiful herbaceous plant. Its characteristic inflorescence composed of more than a dozen flowers is so beautiful that as it only blooms once a year, during those few days that they remain open they are very much enjoyed.

It is a plant that gives a lot of life wherever it is. Planted in the ground or in a pot, it is a real wonder to have it, and it will be even more so when you know the main care of clivia .

Origin and characteristics of clivia

Image – Wikimedia/ Raul654

Our protagonist is a herbaceous and rhizomatous plant native to South Africa whose scientific name is Clivia miniata. It grows under the shade of trees and large shrubs, reaching a maximum height of 50 centimeters. The leaves are tapered, somewhat fleshy and dark green in color.

In spring it produces reddish, orange, whitish or yellowish, fragrant flowers grouped in terminal inflorescences. Once they are pollinated, the fruit ripens, which are green berries which form an infrutescence (group of fruits) where the flowers used to be.

It is a toxic plant, as it contains small amounts of liquorine. Liquorine is an alkaloid that can even be lethal if consumed in certain amounts. The symptoms of poisoning are vomiting, diarrhea and seizures, so if you live with pets or small children it is advisable to keep clivia away from them.

What is the care of the clivia?

Clivia is one of the easiest plants to grow. But to make it even more so, we recommend you provide the following care:

Location

It depends on where you are going to have it:

  • Indoor: it must be in a bright room, with high humidity and away from both hot and cold air currents. For example, it can be had at the entrance of the house, or even in the bedroom if it has windows through which light comes in from outside.
  • Outside: put in semi-shade, in an area protected from direct sun since otherwise its leaves would burn.

Earth

Again, it depends on where you are going to be:

  • Pot: as a substrate we can use the universal for plants, which is already prepared so that the roots find the essential nutrients with which they can have good growth.
  • Garden: not very demanding. It grows well in fertile, well-drained soils.

Irrigation

Image – Flickr/ John Rusk

To avoid root rot, it is important to avoid overwatering. It is best to water no more than three times a week, and somewhat less if we see that the soil is still wet. In the event that we have a plate underneath, we will remove the excess water ten minutes after having watered, since otherwise the roots could suffocate.

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From the beginning of spring to the end of summer it is highly advisable to fertilize it with a fertilizer for bulbous plants, following the indications specified on the product packaging to avoid the risk of overdose. In this way, it will bloom year after year that it will be a pleasure to see it.

Planting time

The rhizome is planted in autumn so that it can flower in spring, in a pot that has to be at least 20 centimeters in diameter so that it can develop in the best possible way, or in the garden by making a hole of about 10-15cm of wide x 10-15cm deep.

Pot change

If you are going to have it in a pot, you should change it every two or three years, as it has a great tendency to take out shoots. These can be separated from the mother plant in spring, and planted in individual pots or in the garden.

Pruning the clivia plant

You do not have to prune it, but you can remove the leaves and wilted flowers in order to keep it looking beautiful and healthy.

Multiplication

Clivia can be multiplied by seeds or by separating the suckers in spring.

Seeds

The seeds must be sown in pots or seedbeds with holes filled with universal substrate. You have to try not to bury them too much, just enough so that they cannot be blown away by the wind or exposed to the sun.

Place them in a semi-shaded corner, and keep the substrate moist. This will germinate throughout the spring, usually in about 15-20 days.

Suckers

The suckers can be separated from the mother plant when they are of a size that is easy to handle, with the help of a hand hoe. You have to take them out with roots, and once they are separated, plant them in individual pots with universal substrate.

To help them root, it is advisable to dump rooting hormones or homemade rooters above the ground.

Rusticity

It resists up to -7ºC, but at those temperatures it loses its leaves. In order for it to stay green all year round, it should not drop below -2ºC.

Image – Wikimedia/ David J. Stang// Clivia miniata ‘Variegata’

Thus, your clivia plant will look beautiful .

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