Martagon (Lilium martagon)

The bulbous plants, although they produce flowers that last only a few days or weeks, are of impressive beauty. Those of the genus Lilium are one of the most popular; Not surprisingly, its curious, brightly colored petals sprout easily year after year. But without a doubt one of the most beautiful is the martagon.

It grows in the forests and shady places, under the shade provided by trees as impressive as oaks, beech or holm oaks. For this reason, it is ideal for growing in patios or gardens where light does not reach directly. 

Origin and characteristics

Our protagonist is a bulbous plant native to the mountainous regions and forests of Europe whose scientific name is Lilium martagon, although it is popularly known as martagon, weeping lily or bozo. Its bulb is small and yellowish in color, with a thick stem that can easily reach one meter in height. The leaves are lanceolate in whorls, especially in the central area of ​​the stem.

The flowers are distributed in clusters of 3 to 8 hanging florets, of a pinkish-violet color with small purple spots. These have tepals that arch upwards forming a kind of crown. The pistil and stamens are large, orange in color, giving off a very unpleasant aroma, but nevertheless attracting flies, which are their main pollinators. It blooms in spring and summer. The fruit is a whitish capsule.

What are their cares?

If you want to have a specimen of martagon, we recommend providing it with the following care:

  • Location: outside, in semi-shade.
  • Land:
    • Pot: universal growing substrate mixed with 30% perlite.
    • Garden: it is indifferent as long as it is fertile and has good drainage.
  • Irrigation: 2 or 3 irrigations a week.
  • Subscriber: it can be paid throughout the season with a specific fertilizer for bulbous plants.
  • Multiplication: by separation of bulbs or seeds in spring.
  • Planting time: in autumn, so that it can flower well in spring.
  • Rusticity: withstands cold and frosts down to -8ºC.

What did you think of the martagon?

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