Tulips bulbs

The tulips

Tulipa is a genus of plant belonging to the Liliaceae family that originates in Turkey. The plant has a bulbous character with a variable height between 10 and 50 centimeters. Tulip bulbs bloom in spring and, depending on the species, are medium or large in size. Each bulb would be able to produce a single stem from which a few large leaves and a single flower can depart. The leaves of tulips usually have a bluish-green color, with a rigid and fleshy texture. The flowers are large, cup-shaped with the center of the petals having a black color. The flowers of tulips have variable colors between white, purple, red, orange and with different shapes. Tulips could be grown both in pots and directly in the ground.

Characteristics of tulip bulbs

Tulips are plants that have rustic characteristics and that could be left in the ground in both winter and summer. The vegetative cycle is particularly short, therefore, the plant would be able to withstand adverse climatic conditions. The bulbs begin to sprout at the beginning of the spring period, they bloom during this period, while in the summer the leaves dry up and subsequently fall. Tulips only need care for a few months a year which correspond to the vegetative period. In order to have great blooms every year, it may be possible to unearth the bulbs during the winter and store them in a place that is suitably dark, has a low percentage of humidity and is particularly cool, before they can be planted in the fall.

Cultivation of tulip bulbs

The bulbs of tulips should be planted in the autumn period, so that the temperatures are not high and cause early vegetation. It should also be necessary to avoid burying the bulbs in ground that is frozen or too wet. Proper plant exposure should be in full sun or partial shade areas. You should avoid placing the flowers in an area where there is shade, this is to prevent the soil moisture from remaining and producing rot in the bulbs. To avoid problems with the plants, it would be advisable to avoid cutting the stems once flowering is complete, this is because the plant reabsorbs the liquids and nutrients from the stem, to support the bulb. In fact, the stems should be eliminated only when they are dry.

Tulip bulbs: Caring for tulip bulbs

Tulip bulbs could be attacked by both pathologies and parasites. Among the most invasive insects for tulips, some beetles can be found that are able to ruin the leaves, while their larvae destroy the bulb and roots. Narcissus fly larvae could penetrate the bulbs and cause damage. Some mites are able to erode the bulb, subsequently causing fungal or bacterial infections. Some millipedes would cause injury to the roots, bulbs, and aerial parts. Many types of fungi are able to cause serious diseases for tulips, such as various types of rot and mold, both on the bulbs and roots, and on the leaves and stems. These fungi could attack both buried and stored plants.

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