Plants

Chinese flowers

Irrigation

The interventions to be reserved for Chinese flowers vary according to the type of plant that you decide to grow. Among the most used flowers are the red chrysanthemum, hydrangea, azalea, narcissus and orchid. The red chrysanthemum requires a constantly humid soil, but at the same time conditions of excessive water stagnation must be avoided which could damage the root system of the plant. Hydrangea and azalea need frequent and abundant watering, especially in the hottest periods. The narcissus does not require any watering in the autumn and winter period. In spring, however, it is necessary to water a lot, but you must make sure that, once irrigation is finished, the water drains away quickly, preventing it from stagnating for a long time. Finally the orchid is the plant that requires more attention. First of all, it is recommended to use only rainwater or distilled water, as tap water contains chlorine, which is harmful to the plant. It is advisable to immerse the vase directly in water for thirty minutes and, once the operation is finished, take care to dry the flowers and leaves well.

Cultivation


The techniques of cultivation of Chinese flowersthey are different depending on the variety of plant. The red chrysanthemum is grown in the open ground. In late spring, the cuttings that have already emitted roots or the plants purchased in pots are planted. At the end of July we proceed with the elimination of the lateral buds of each bud, so as to have a single well-formed flower, rather than many small flowers. Azalea and hydrangea can be grown both in pots and in the ground. In both cases, a placement in a bright environment but not exposed to direct sunlight is recommended. Azalea should not be transplanted when it is in full bloom. The hydrangea should be potted or planted between October and November or March and April. The narcissus is planted from September to December. It is advisable to bury the bulbs in the ground and lightly water them after planting. L’ orchid needs a lot of light. In fact it must be positioned in a bright place but not in direct sunlight. During the summer it can also be placed outside, sheltered from the wind and sun. During the winter it is recommended to keep the plant indoors.

Fertilization


The Chinese flowersthey require targeted fertilizations depending on the type of plant. Azalea needs a specific fertilizer for acidophilic plants. During the summer it is recommended to add a liquid product to the water during irrigation. Hydrangea and red chrysanthemum feed on phosphorus and potassium. Therefore we recommend the use of a fertilizer based on these elements. In order to ensure optimal flowering, it is recommended to prune the hydrangea once a year at the end of February. It will be sufficient to remove the weakest branches and those that bloomed the previous year. The narcissus can be fertilized during the planting phase of the bulbs. In this case it is advisable to use a slow release fertilizer or mature manure. In spring, however, a liquid fertilizer for flowers can be added to the irrigation water. The bulbs of the narcissus multiply over time, emitting more and more flowers. The orchid needs targeted fertilizations, as it is grown in pots and bare roots. The plant needs phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen which must necessarily be supplied through specific fertilizers for orchids.

Chinese flowers: Pathologies


Chinese flowers can be attacked by various insects and pests. The orchid, being grown in pots and mostly indoors, is not attacked. However, if it is moved outside during the hot period it could suffer attacks from scale insects and aphids. Another problem that can affect the orchid is linked to cultivation errors, and in particular to an excessive administration of water or direct sun exposure. In this case there will be burns on the leaves and consequent fall of the same. Red chrysanthemum, azalea, narcissus and hydrangea can all be victims of Aphis radicum which attacks the roots and black louse. They can also suffer attacks from aphids and scale insects.

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