Plants

Clematis

The irrigation of clematis

This plant, with flowers of extraordinary beauty, needs a regular administration of water; if cultivation takes place in the garden, irrigation must be naturally intensified during spring and summer, while in autumn and winter, if rainfall is frequent, they must be reduced or suspended. It is important, in fact, to always keep the soil slightly moist, but at the same time it is essential to avoid water stagnation, a source of considerable stress for the plant and cause of rot and general weakening. It is advisable to use rainwater or demineralized water for watering, in any case poor in limestone. Thanks to the sprinkling method it is possible to carry out irrigation in a controlled manner, directly wetting the roots and thus avoiding the leaves.

Clematis cultivation and care


For clematis you need a soft, light and well-drained soil, possibly not clayey. The multiplication occurs through cuttings or through sowing; in the first case the operation must be carried out in containers filled with soil mixed with peat and with a small quantity of sand, while in the second the seeds are placed directly in the pot. After a few months, it is possible to carry out the transplant in the garden, in the open ground, or inside a larger container; repotting should be done periodically. Pruning is essential to eliminate dry branches and those damaged by factors such as wind, cold, parasites or fungal attacks; it is necessary to intervene with sharp and clean tools, in order to avoid possible infections.

Fertilization


A first fertilization must be carried out at the time of implantation, using natural substances such as mature manure or manure; in this way, the plant will have the necessary nutrients available for the first stages of development. Subsequently, during the vegetative period, it is recommended to carry out fertilization every fifteen days, in order to ensure a luxuriant flowering of the specimen: for this operation it is advisable to use liquid products, to be integrated with the watering. Furthermore, every year, and precisely at the end of the autumn season, it is advisable to give the plant an organic fertilizer, or a granular one that balances the three necessary macroelements, namely phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen, as well as microelements such as magnesium,

Clematis: Exposure, pests and diseases


The perfect exposure for clematis is sunny or partial shade; the plant does not fear the cold, but excessive winds can be dangerous. Furthermore, it is necessary to ensure that the roots are not directly hit by the sun, and that they are always fresh. Furthermore, attacks by parasites such as aphids can occur, which cause perforations of the leaves and shoots by sucking the sap: to counter them, natural remedies such as nettle macerate are sufficient, but it is necessary to intervene when the infestation is still at its early stages. Among the fungal diseases, on the other hand, powdery mildew should be noted, also called albugine due to the whitish mold that it causes on the foliage; they are responsible for Ascomycota fungi, which must be eradicated with sulfur-based fungicide treatments.

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