English lavender

English lavender: characteristics

English lavender, also called true lavender, is a plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family. It is a suffruticose, evergreen, herbaceous and perennial plant and is widespread throughout the Mediterranean basin. It seems that the name lavender derives from the Latin and is due to the use that the ancient Romans made of it, who used it to perfume the bath water. The leaves have an elongated shape and can reach 3 cm, are lanceolate or linear, covered with light hair. The color of the leaves tends to silvery or in any case to a very opaque green. The purplish flowers are gathered in rather showy inflorescences, the fruits instead are achenes of trigonal shape. The fruits are therefore dry, enclosed in a pericarp and containing a seed that does not come out.

English lavender: how is it grown?

How is English lavender grown? What are the techniques for growing seedlings in a healthy way? Lavender, especially the English one, is a rustic plant and as such is well resistant to atmospheric agents and temperature variations. English lavender, in fact, tolerates direct exposure to the summer sun and winter frosts very well. Therefore, if we choose to grow this type of lavender, it is not necessary to choose a specific area of ​​our garden. The plant multiplies only through cuttings. Towards the end of summer, when the plant begins to wither, a woody part must be removed with a small knife. The cutting must be inserted in a rooting powder and subsequently must be planted in a substrate preferably composed of sand and peat. Transfer to pot as soon as the plant sprouts.

Lavender is a very hardy plant and does not need special care and attention. You just need to make sure you water the plants in moderation, avoiding the formation of stagnations that could cause the plant to rot. It is also not uncommon that lavender can be attacked by diseases and parasites, against which it is necessary to defend oneself adequately, perhaps using natural pesticides, to prevent the plant from being damaged until it dies. Among the most common parasites of English lavender, but also of other species, we remember the AMV virus that induces a slow and anomalous development of the plant, and the Septoria a fungus that manifests itself with spots on the leaves. A final trick to take is to prune with constant regularity, in order to remove the dead branches.

English lavender: uses

The spread of English lavender as an ornamental plant is very recent, before it was cultivated only for phytotherapeutic purposes or to be used in homeopathic medicine. In any case, it is always good to know the many properties of this plant. Lavender essential oil is obtained by distillation and contains substances such as camphor, linalool, pinene. The oil is used exclusively for external use to solve problems related to bronchial inflammation. The English lavender distillate also has antiseptic and disinfectant properties (plant extracts are also used in household cleaning products) and healing properties. Igloo lavender is also very popular in the kitchen, where it is used to flavor some drinks and as a sweetener.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba