Plants

Eugenia plant

Eugenia plants origins and characteristics

The botanical name of this plant is eugenia myrtifolia and it is a species that comes from Australia. As the name suggests, eugenia belongs to the same family as the myrtle but, unlike the latter, it does not grow spontaneously in our country. It is an evergreen shrubby plant with a round shape and a very branched and thick crown: if it is allowed to grow it can reach up to five meters in height and two in width. Its leaves are oval, hard and of a dark green color, which then in autumn becomes a wonderful red with a very suggestive effect. On the top of the branches in spring, purple flowers appear on the petals and white on the stamens, gathered in corollas similar to panicles. After the flowers, eugenia produces small fruits with a particular flavor, slightly acidic,


eugenia myrtifolia loaded with red berries» width=»745″ height=»559″ longdesc=»/giardino/piante-da-giardino/eugenia-pianta.asp»>Eugenia is a plant that is not found in nature and it is not even that easy to find it from the nursery. You have to look hard to find the original species, a plant that does not normally experience vegetative periods. Its flowers do not smell but are very ornamental, as are the fruits and even the leaves, which in autumn take on reddish hues. Being an evergreen, rustic and resistant plant, it is very suitable for ornamental use, also because, precisely, among flowers, fruits and foliage it offers a pleasant panorama all year round. It can be grown as a single specimen to form a graceful bush, or it can be used to form hedges, although in this case it will need to be pruned often. Eugenia bears pruning very well, which is why it is also one of the most used plants in topiary art.

Eugenia plant cultivation


Being a rustic plant, eugenia tolerates low temperatures, even those below zero, up to five degrees. To avoid the danger of damage during the winter, however, it is good to plant our specimen in a sunny position sheltered from freezing currents. Otherwise, eugenia can also be planted in a pot, as long as it is large, so in winter it can be easily moved to a sheltered place. It must be in bright positions but must not receive direct sunlight for too many hours a day, especially in summer. The soil must be organic, soft and above all well drained; for hedges, the substrate must be prepared very well. Eugenia then needs to be fertilized in autumn and then again in spring, with organic fertilizer or with a slow release product. Humidity is an enemy of this species, for this reason in winter it is best to suspend watering; in warm periods, however, eugenia should be irrigated regularly and abundantly, but only when the soil is dry.

Eugenia cures plant


If we grow a eugenia plant in a pot, then we must pay more attention to the soil, always avoiding water stagnation, and we must still prune it because otherwise it could develop too much and come out of the container. In spring you have to be careful of mushrooms, which could develop following sudden changes in temperature or heavy rains. It is advisable to act preventively with a fungicide product. In winter, however, it is good to proceed with a preventive insecticide treatment to avoid the danger of aphids and scale insects. These products should only be used when there are no flowers and fruits, especially if we want to use these berries in the kitchen. In addition to ornamental pruning in the case of hedges or topiary art, eugenia always needs maintenance pruning:

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