Plants

Flowering plants

Flowering plants

Flowering plants are specimens of living forms that populate the world, our countries, public parks, our gardens and our balconies. Each of us has at least one flowering plant to take care of. The first specimens of flowering plants date back to about one hundred and fifty years ago, in fact, flowering plants are not a recent discovery on the contrary, they are particularly ancient. The relationship that has been created between these flowering plants and man and animals is a one-to-one relationship. Flowering plants are very important for human and animal life as, conversely, humans and animals are very important for the development and reproduction of flowering plants. The flowering plants are, for the most part, of the angiosperm type while, in a minority, they are gymnosperms. The gymnosperms, in turn, they are divided into two small sub-groups: the first group is that of plants that produce a floury almond with seeds inside; the second is the group that produces only seeds.

Features


As written in the previous lines, most of the flowering plants are of the angiosperm type. The «success» of these angiosperm plants is due to the fact that they possess great adaptability and it is precisely in this way that they have managed to occupy all areas of the world. The stamens of angiosperms are lighter than those of gymnosperms and these prevent self-fertilization in such a way as to give life to different species by pollination. The male gametophyte in angiosperms is also smaller in size than in gymnosperms. Being smaller and, thanks to a pollen of equally small size, the fertilization period of female flowers is reduced. In gymnosperms, on the other hand, the fertilization period is longer and, at times, takes up to a whole year. The eggs are contained within the closed carpel and this allows to obtain controlled and specialized pollinations. An equally important element of the reproductive system of angiosperms is the endosperm, a tissue that serves to nourish the developing embryo. All these characteristic elements have made angiosperms the most widespread plants on the entire planet.

The flowers

The flower is the productive organ of the angiosperms and, by virtue of this, it performs a very important function for the development of each individual plant. The flowers, in addition to having fundamental roles, are the most beautiful part of the plant. They are what differentiate an entire family, an entire genus and the numerous species present in nature. They vary in size, shape and color and these are the characteristic elements that allow them to be distinguished. The flower is that part of the plant that attracts everyone’s attention, both humans and animals. It is an element that, through its colors and its various shapes, is wonderful and bright enough to capture our gaze. Not to mention the fantastic smell emanating from some flowering plants (not all flowers give off pleasant smells) that fully satisfy our sense of smell. Here are the reasons why flowering plants have always found great success since ancient times. It is wonderful to fill our houses with colorful and fragrant flowers, and it is equally wonderful to embellish terraces, gardens and vegetable gardens by creating splashes of color with the most beautiful flowers in shape and vivid in colors. Remember, however, that in order to obtain bright blooms, plants must receive the right care they need. and it is equally wonderful to embellish terraces, gardens and vegetable gardens by creating splashes of color with the most beautiful flowers in shape and vivid in colors. Remember, however, that in order to obtain bright blooms, plants must receive the right care they need. and it is equally wonderful to embellish terraces, gardens and vegetable gardens by creating splashes of color with the most beautiful flowers in shape and vivid in colors. Remember, however, that in order to obtain bright blooms, plants must receive the right care they need.

Flowering plants: Diseases and parasites

The right care and attention that the seedlings need to receive are very fundamental for their growth. In fact, at times, there is the risk of subjecting them to very harmful risks such as diseases and parasitic attacks. For example, root rot are dangerous for the seedlings because they lead to withering and, subsequently, to desiccation. Rot can be caused by many factors, including incorrect watering or the use of land that does not guarantee good drainage. The advice is to always prevent these small diseases as long as you cure them. Another fungal disease that affects flowering plants is scab. The symptoms that we might notice when observing the plant are brown spots that form on the leaves. These brown spots are round in shape, they have a color that is close to that of olives and often have a yellowish outline. This fungal disease leads to leaf fall and the only remedy is to use specific copper-based fungicides. The «medicine» should be administered during the spring period for about twenty days. Another fungus that can affect flowering plants is white sore that affects leaves, buds, flowers and branches. The most affected part are certainly the leaves and we notice the presence of this fungus due to the formation of small whitish spots similar to small cobwebs. The remedy for this fungus is to use a systemic fungicide that is suitable for the situation. This fungal disease leads to leaf fall and the only remedy is to use specific copper-based fungicides. The «medicine» should be administered during the spring period for about twenty days. Another fungus that can affect flowering plants is white sore that affects leaves, buds, flowers and branches. The most affected part are certainly the leaves and we notice the presence of this fungus due to the formation of small whitish spots similar to small cobwebs. The remedy for this fungus is to use a systemic fungicide that is suitable for the situation. This fungal disease leads to leaf fall and the only remedy is to use specific copper-based fungicides. The «medicine» should be administered during the spring period for about twenty days. Another fungus that can affect flowering plants is white sore that affects leaves, buds, flowers and branches. The most affected part are certainly the leaves and we notice the presence of this fungus due to the formation of small whitish spots similar to small cobwebs. The remedy for this fungus is to use a systemic fungicide that is suitable for the situation. Another fungus that can affect flowering plants is white sore that affects leaves, buds, flowers and branches. The most affected part are certainly the leaves and we notice the presence of this fungus due to the formation of small whitish spots similar to small cobwebs. The remedy for this fungus is to use a systemic fungicide that is suitable for the situation. Another fungus that can affect flowering plants is white sore that affects leaves, buds, flowers and branches. The most affected part are certainly the leaves and we notice the presence of this fungus due to the formation of small whitish spots similar to small cobwebs. The remedy for this fungus is to use a systemic fungicide that is suitable for the situation.

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