Flowering pomegranate

Flowering pomegranate history and characteristics

The flowering pomegranate is a shrub that can also become a sapling: native to the Asian continent, this plant has been known and widespread in the Mediterranean area since ancient times, probably even before the Romans. In adulthood, a specimen can reach up to two meters in height; sometimes it develops as a shrub or bush, because new stumps often sprout at the base of the stem, to be removed if you want to have a single plant. The pomegranate has a clear and rough bark: the branches are not dense and over time become gnarled and crooked; the deciduous leaves are born in mid-spring, they are small, pointed, orange at the beginning, green later. In late spring-early summer, the pomegranate produces its beautiful flowers, which develop as large buds with hard and thick petals, which then open into corollas of an intense orange color. After the flowers come the fruits, round and juicy apples, full of seeds and pulp with a sour taste.

Flowering pomegranate cultivation

The flowering pomegranateit is a plant that must necessarily be in the sun, otherwise it dies. Despite this, it does not fear low temperatures even if the frost could damage some branches. In areas where winter is particularly harsh, it is advisable to cultivate this plant in a sheltered place; there are also dwarf varieties that do not exceed half a meter in height, or varieties that produce flowers of other colors, such as white, pink or red, often used as bonsai: these types are generally more delicate than the tree, so it is convenient grow them in pots. The pomegranate tolerates drought, however if you want to see the flowers and fruits, it is better to water it regularly starting from spring, always avoiding stagnation of water. About every ten days, together with the water, fertilizer for flowering plants must be administered.

Pomegranate for flower care and maintenance

The flowering pomegranateit needs a soft and well drained soil, preferably calcareous. If we grow it in pots, we have to change containers every three years or so. In spring this small tree is often attacked by aphids, while in summer the threat is mites: to protect the flowers and fruits it is advisable to intervene in advance with specific products. Fungal diseases, on the other hand, can appear if the soil is too wet or soaked with water, so you have to pay attention to stagnation. If the pomegranate is left to grow as a shrub, it can also form very dense and decorative hedges, thanks to the abundant blooms; if, on the other hand, you want a pomegranate tree, then you have to eliminate the stumps that grow at the base and that otherwise would make it a bush. Pruning consists of two essential operations:

Flowering pomegranate uses and multiplication

The propagation of the flowering pomegranate can take place in two ways: in spring the seeds can be planted, after having left them to soak in water for two days; in summer, on the other hand, cuttings can be made using the branches that have not bloomed. Not everyone knows this, but pomegranate is also used for herbal products, for which the bark and peel of the fruit are mainly used. In addition, the peel is also used to make liqueurs. In ancient times the pomegranate was cultivated only as a fruit plant, because the fruits are good and it produces many. Today, however, the pomegranate is planted mainly for ornamental purposes, because it requires little care and above all because it produces beautiful flowers and fruits that offer a very particular spectacle that enriches the garden.

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