Plants

Frangipani flower

Frangipane flower origins and characteristics

The botanical name of frangipani is plumeria: it is a shrub plant native to various tropical countries, especially the Caribbean and Venezuela, but today it is known and cultivated everywhere. When it grows spontaneously in nature, this plant can become a sapling, while in Italy it is a normal garden plant. Some species are evergreen, but the original one has deciduous leaves: its stem is fleshy but then, over time, it becomes woody; the leaves are very large, pointed, and can be of different shades of green, depending on the variety. But the strong point of the frangipani is the flower: in the summer season on the plant many large fragrant flowers bloom, especially in the morning, formed by about seven large petals that can be of different colors, pink, red, yellow and white. Usually, however,

Frangipani flower cultivation


The flower is certainly the greatest attraction of the frangipani; however these plants, especially those of evergreen varieties, are very beautiful even when it is not the flowering period, it is enough to know how to cultivate them. Since they are native to tropical countries, it is natural that they prefer sunny positions, because light and heat favor flowering; in reality, if we live in areas with particularly sultry summers, it is better to put our plumeria in the light, but not directly exposed to sunlight. It is a plant that can stand the cold, therefore in the winter season it should be moved to a place sheltered from wind and bad weather, where the temperature does not drop below fifteen degrees. Cultivating it in pots it is easy to move it, even in a closed place, so much in winter it enters vegetative rest.

Frangipani flower care


From May to September the frangipani needs to be watered frequently and abundantly, although you must always wait for the substrate to dry before proceeding with the next irrigation. In dry periods it is also good to vaporize the large leaves with distilled water. In the winter season, however, the frangipani does not need large quantities of water, on the contrary, it is better to thin out the irrigations, once a month will be fine. To favor the emergence of the first flower, the frangipani must be fertilized from May to September with a specific product for flowering plants, preferably liquid so it will be possible to mix it with the watering water, approximately every two weeks. Finally, that of frangipani must be light, fresh, well-drained and rich in organic material.

Frangipani flower multiplication and diseases


Frangipani propagation occurs by seed: in spring the seeds of the previous year can be buried in containers filled with sand and peat in equal parts. The substrate must always be kept humid, but never stagnant of water. For the first three years, let’s forget to see the frangipani flower born from seed and above all let’s forget about obtaining a flower identical to that of the mother plant. If we want to shorten the time, we can make cuttings in early spring: we need to take a portion of the stem and then let it rest for about a week in a dry and sheltered place. Afterwards it will be possible to bury it in a soil where there is also sand to promote good drainage. In this case the plant will grow faster and will produce flowers perhaps also from the following summer. The only pest dangerous for frangipani is the cochineal, so care must be taken. A little curiosity: in the Pacific archipelagos, iFrangipani flowers are used to create beautiful flower necklaces to give to guests.

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