Frangipani plant

Frangipane plant: origins and characteristics

The botanical name of the frangipani plant is plumeria, but it is also often called pomelia: it is a species that is part of the Apocinaceae and that grows spontaneously only in tropical America. These are countries of South America, the Caribbean, although today it is also found in Hawaii and in countries of sub-tropical Asia. The Frangipani plantit is a shrub that rarely reaches large dimensions and which, due to some characteristics, is very similar to plants such as oleanders and other species. It can have deciduous or evergreen leaves, while it has fleshy stems that become woody over the years; even the branches are fleshy but not only very dense. The leaves are large, hard, pointed and bright green. The flowers, similar to those of the oleander, grow in star-shaped clusters on the tips of the branches: each flower can have up to seven petals, which can be white, yellow, pink, red, or shaded in various shades. Frangipani also produces berries after flowering, but they should not be ingested as they are poisonous.

frangipani plant with white flowers» width=»745″ height=»522″ longdesc=»/giardino/piante-da-giardino/frangipane-pianta.asp»>

Frangipane plant: how to grow it in our climate

The frangipani plant is native to exotic places with a tropical climate, so it is very difficult to grow it in our latitudes. However, for years it has also been widespread in the Mediterranean area and, especially in places like Sicily, it grows luxuriantly without problems. This shows that this species can also be cultivated by us, but only in areas where the temperatures are not too cold in winter and where there are no frosts. In cold areas, at most, plumeria can be grown in pots, so that it can be sheltered in winter: this does not mean, however, that it is a houseplant. Even being closed in the house can hurt her, because the air that is too dry could prevent normal spring flowering; therefore the ideal would be to shelter it in a greenhouse or under a pergola,

frangipani flowers in shaded colors» width=»745″ height=»557″ longdesc=»/giardino/piante-da-giardino/frangipane-pianta.asp»>To cultivate the frangipani plant well, whether we plant it directly on the ground or keep it in pots, we need to find a sunny area where the specimen can benefit from direct sunlight for several hours a day. It is necessary to use a high quality universal soil, combined with a little sand and pumice stone to drain it well and avoid dangerous stagnation of water. Frangipani is a plant that should not be watered often, it is enough to intervene only when the soil is completely dry. In the period from March to September, together with the irrigation water, the plant should be given fertilizer for flowering plants, approximately every two weeks. In the middle of winter it should never be watered; frangipane does not require pruning,

Frangipani plant, uses and cultivation

Not everyone knows it, but the flowers of the frangipani plant in tropical countries are used to compose garlands or necklaces that are then worn by women on holidays. These flower necklaces are also given to guests as a welcome sign. To multiply a frangipani, the seeds contained in the woody berries that the plant produces after flowering can be taken. However, seed propagation takes a long time, you have to wait a few years before you see the flowers of the new plant appear. If you intend to proceed in this way, the seeds should be placed in a pot with a soil mixed with sand, after being soaked for a couple of hours in water. Subsequently, the soil must always be kept moist until new shoots appear. The plant will grow a few centimeters per month, therefore we will see it in its full force only after at least three years. In our latitudes there are only hybrid frangipani, therefore it is not possible to know the color of the flower when sowing; if you want to get a plant identical to the mother one, you can make cuttings in summer, taking the branches that have not bloomed.

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