Plants

Fuchsia flower

Fuchsia flower origins

The term fuchsia does not only mean the beautiful flower of this plant, but in botany it includes over one hundred species of different plants, deciduous shrubs and evergreen shrubs, all native to Central America, South America and New Zealand. Botanists studied it for the first time at the end of the seventeenth century: its name derives from the German scholar Leonhard Fuchs who, in addition to giving the name to this singular plant, also gave its name to the color today called fuchsia. a shade halfway between pink and purple. Fuchsia was an instant hit and quickly spread to Europe, where many hybrids were created. Today on the market there are both shrubby fuchsia that become quite large and are suitable for the garden, or annual fuchsia to grow in pots which are the most common for decorating flower beds, balconies or terraces. These plants are also suitable for creating colorful borders.

Features fuchsia flower


Fuchsia plants are very branched: their branches are semi-woody and can be dark green or almost red brown; the leaves, on the other hand, are bright green, have a very elegant oval shape and the margin can be either smooth or serrated, depending on the type. Plants grown in pots never exceed forty centimeters in height, while those grown as shrubs can reach a meter and a half or even more, when it comes to the original species. But the most particular part of fuchsia is certainly its flower: it blooms in spring, has a pendulous shape and for this reason it is also called an earring or even a ballerina, because its appearance recalls its appearance; it is composed of four long sepals that form a tube-like corolla, surrounded by four petals. The original flowers are, in fact, fuchsia in color, but thanks to hybridizations today there are also specimens with red, orange, white and lilac buds. After the flowers, these plants produce fruits, small long and fleshy berries, containing the seeds to plant, if desired, new specimens.

Fuchsia flower cultivation


To see the first flower of your fuchsia blossom, you need to know its needs and be able to find a balance with our climate, which is very different from that of origin of this species. Fuchsia must be in a bright place but not exposed to direct sunlight for too many hours a day, so it is preferable to choose a semi-shaded area to plant it. It does not tolerate the cold, for this reason in areas with particularly cold winters it should be grown in pots, to store it at home or in a greenhouse in cold periods, because the frost can literally destroy the aerial part. Certainly the best flowering for this species is obtained in areas with a mild climate, not in those with a climate that is too cold. However, excessive heat can also weaken fuchsia, so it’s best to shelter it in the shade if summer is hot.

Fuchsia flower: Fuchsia flower cure


To produce its beautiful flower, fuchsia needs regular watering in the period from March to October, especially during flowering. The soil must never be without water for too long, because drought is a great enemy of this exotic species. In autumn and also in winter, irrigations must become sporadic, up to completely interrupting them in the case of specimens grown outdoors, for which the rains will be sufficient. During the vegetative phase, the plant must be fertilized approximately every two weeks, with a liquid product to be mixed with the watering water. The ideal soil for fuchsia is soft, organic and well drained, so it is good to use, in addition to the normal soil for flowering plants, also a little manure and a good amount of sand. Propagation can take place in two ways: either through seeds, to be planted at the end of summer bearing in mind that, however, the new plants will not be the same as the mother one; or by cuttings, to be practiced always in summer by removing and planting the stems on which the flowers have not blossomed during the spring.

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