Fuchsia plant

Fuchsia shrub plant

The genus of plants called Fuchsia includes about a hundred shrub species, belonging to the Onagraceae family. Plant cultivated for ornamental purposes, it stands out for its particular and abundant flowering. The foliage is deciduous, light or dark green in color and the margins can be indented, according to the different varieties. The Fuchsia plant to be grown in pots or in baskets in areas where winter is harsh, it can grow in the ground only in places where temperatures do not drop below five degrees. The flowers can be single or gathered in racemes, pendulous, the tubular calyx and the corolla are often of different colors. The flowering period lasts throughout the summer season, at the end the plant produces small purple berries.

Cultivation of the Fuchsia plant species

The Fuchsia plant grown for ornamental purposes, requires a very fertile soil, composed of humus and sand, to grow luxuriantly. It is important to ensure good drainage to avoid the onset of root rot. Some hybrids are able to withstand the harsh winter temperatures, behaving like perennials with deciduous foliage, the vegetative recovery will begin with the arrival of the spring season. Fuchsia specimens love light but must be filtered, especially in summer. Irrigation is periodic and abundant in summer, while it should be reduced to the bare minimum during the cold season. In spring and autumn it is advisable to administer an organic fertilizer for flowering plants, to be periodically diluted in the watering water.

Multiplication and pruning of fuchsia plants

It is possible to reproduce new fuchsia plants through sowing but to obtain specimens with the same genetic characteristics, it is better to use the cutting technique. From August to September, the non-flowering apical tops can be removed, the oblique cut must be treated with rooting powder to accelerate the birth of new roots. Subsequently, the cuttings should be placed in a cool and sheltered place, in containers filled with sand and peat. The Fuchsia ornamental plant can receive pruning to take care of and outline its shape. To obtain a greater number of branches, it is advisable to frequently trim the main shoot, especially in older specimens. In addition, all damaged or diseased branches must be eliminated and pruned.

The different varieties of the Fuchsia garden plant

Plants grown for ornamental purposes, there are many different species and varieties available, such as Fuchsia magellanica. The numerous inflorescences are produced from July to October, they are bicolor, pink and purple. This species is among the most used to experiment with hybrid selections and genetic crosses. Among these is the Hawkshead Fuchsia, which is characterized by candid white flowers or the Golden Marinka Fuchsia with yellow foliage and red pendulous inflorescences. Pink tones for the Susan Green fuchsia variety, while the compact habit and erect flowers distinguish the Fuchsia Bon Accord, the corolla is red and the waxy-looking glass is white. Double flowers for the hybrid selection of Fuchsia Flying Cloud, the glass has red veins and the petals are white.

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