Plants

Fuchsia

Fuchsia: history

The flowers of this beautiful and generous plant in addition to the grace of the corollas, with an unusual shape, are known to present a very particular shade of color, that is the typical fuchsia red shade that is in the middle between purple, blue and violet. This particular color is underlined by the contrast between the petals and sepals of the same corolla, which are almost always of different colors: white and red, purple and blue, fuchsia red and purplish red. The name of this genus, which brings together about a hundred species from Central-South America and New Zealand, recalls the name of a German botanist, Leonard Fuchs, author of a famous herbarium. Fuchsia is a very decorative shrub, so much so that in Brazil it is called: beauty bush. Indigenous women draw a bluish substance from fuchsia flowers which they use as eye shadow. The leaves of fuchsia are also used as decoctions with a diuretic action.

Fuchsia: cures


Fuchsia does not like the sun but wants good light, fears the wind and cannot withstand low temperatures. In the northern regions it is advisable to cultivate fuchsia in pots in order to be able to collect the containers locally, not heated, in the same way as what must be done with geraniums. Fuchsia should be watered with a certain abundance and fertilized every ten days with liquid fertilizer. At the end of winter, the fuchsia must be vigorously pruned, eliminating at least a third of the old wood. Fuchsia propagates by semi-woody cuttings in April or August, rooting in sandy soil. The most suitable time for repotting or transplanting coincides with the end of winter, using two quarters of garden soil mixed with a quarter of leaf soil and a quarter of sand and peat.

Fuchsia symbol of good taste


In the language of plants and flowers, fuchsia symbolizes good taste. The plant belongs to the scientific family of onagraceae. The scientific name is fuchsia while in the dialects of our country the plant is called in various ways. The best known are: dancers, tears of Italy, penderelle, pendants, lady’s earrings. The fuchsia plant is highly appreciated in herbal medicine and in the cosmetics sector for its essence. The essence of the plant can calm states of anxiety giving peace and serenity. Very popular are the perfumes for women which among the various ingredients contain fuchsia extract. Fuchsia plants are easy to grow, but you have to pay attention to some parasites such as aphids and whiteflies.

Fuchsia: the varieties


Among the most decorative species of fuchsia is the fuchsia fulgens, which reaches a height of two meters, the flowers are long and thin with red and carmine colors. This species produces small edible fruit with an apple-like flavor. Then there is the magellanic fuchsia which blooms for months, lives well outdoors even in Northern Italy, requires energetic pruning at the end of winter and has flowers of various colors. Fuchsia microphylla, on the other hand, is a plant with tiny, cherry-red flowers, which opens in September. This is a rather rustic species. Fuchsia triphylla, on the other hand, reaches a height of half a meter. It is widely cultivated in greenhouses, but also lives well outdoors during the good season. It has many varieties of flowers, even double, in contrasting shades of color.

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