Garden plants

Garden: which plants to choose

The choice of plants to place in gardens depends on their origin and on the ability to acclimatize if they have developed in a very different geographical location. Typical plants of the Asian continent, for example, may not be suitable for European gardens; tropical plants will have a hard time taking root in cold places. Thus a Chamaerops humilis of the Palmae family, commonly known as Palma di San Pietro martire, originally from Arabia where it grows spontaneously, is cultivated above all in the gardens of central southern Italy, Sicily and Sardinia, as a shade tree with white inflorescences. reaching up to 15 meters in height, giving an exotic aspect now characteristic of these lands. The same plant could certainly not take root in the gardens of Northern Europe in the absence of a warm and temperate climate! On the other hand, the Cotoneaster frigidus, of the Rosaceae family, called Cotognastro dell’Himalaia, despite being a shrub native to these extraordinary peaks, is widespread as an ornamental tree in gardens all over the world and the beautiful red fruits scattered along the branches.

Garden: shade plants in gardens

The plants that contribute to climate regulation in gardens through foliage with dense foliage and umbrella-shaped branches are shade trees; especially the evergreen plants retain their umber properties throughout the year while the so-called deciduous trees remain bare during the winter vegetative rest period. A shadow in the garden gives you the opportunity to stay there even in the presence of summer sunshine and protects you from gusts of wind. The Pinus parviflora called Japanese white pine, for example, is an aghifolia tree cultivated in gardens as an ornamental plant and has a characteristic umbrella shape with slightly drooping branches, which together with the fact of being evergreen make it a shadow in summer and windbreak. ‘winter. The Tilia tometosa, known as the silky lime tree, it is an umbrella tree typical of the south-eastern European regions but from here it has spread to gardens all over Europe for its intensely perfumed flowers that bloom at the end of July and have a narcotic effect on bees. A typical plant of Italian gardens is instead the Ulmus minor, with dome-shaped foliage and bright green leaves.

Garden: fruit plants in the gardens

The plants in the gardens can also be cultivated for their fruits when they are edible: this is the case of the Prunus, whose family includes the Cherry trees, which produce juicy drupes in many varieties; or of the Citrus in the varieties Wild Orange, Bitter Orange and Melangolo, small trees with an elegant globular crown that characterize the Mediterranean landscape. Fruit plants in the garden attract insects due to the intense scent of the flowers and the sweetness of the fruits: it will therefore be prudent to prevent the risk of bites that could cause discomfort by avoiding staying among the trees or under the foliage in the summer. The evergreens will help keep the garden lush even in winter while the deciduous trees will be a joy for the view in spring, in the period of budding and then of flowering. It is advisable to take care of these garden plants by pruning the branches and harvesting the fruits at the right time: leaving them on the plant would mean having, as a result of the rot, a situation of poor cleanliness on the ground in correspondence with the plant.

Garden plants: Garden: the plants and gardens around the house

The plants and gardens located around the house are conditioned by exposure to the sun’s rays and winds; in turn they are decisive for the habitability and healthiness of the building: in fact the incorrect position of the plants in correspondence with the facades on the four cardinal points, near windows and openings useful for lighting and ventilation can cause humidity phenomena to the environments. Another problem is constituted by the invasion of the roots which in the subsoil reach considerable lengths and thicknesses, attacking, if not spaced apart, the foundation structures of the building and causing disturbances. In a small, elongated garden, the ideal plants will be small: low-stemmed trees, shrubs and hedges; tall trees with large branches and crowns are more suitable for regular, spacious gardens. In the presence of stretches of water, rocks and paths, tropical plants or of Asian origin, which have the opportunity to acclimatize, will be very suggestive. Finally, the fruit tree gardens give a precious harvest, are even richer in scents and favor the life of insects.

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