Garden roses

Garden roses

Among the most loved plants of all time, garden roses represent the excellence of flowering ornamental plants. Belonging to the Rosaceae family, they differ in about one hundred and fifty different varieties. Native to Asia and Europe, the hybrids and selections of the species have produced unique flowers, in many different shades of color. They can be grown as shrubs, bushes, saplings, creepers and creepers. The foliage is dark green, glossy and the margins are serrated, the flowers can be of different shapes and sizes, gathered in clusters or single represent the most used and cultivated flowers on the market. According to the many varieties, the intensity and fragrance that characterize and identify all the species of garden roses also change.

Cultivation of garden roses

Garden roses are plants that can be adapted to any environmental context. They generally prefer a continental climate, therefore characterized by cold winters and mild summer temperatures. They can grow in any type of soil, as long as it is drained and well fertilized. The suitable periods for planting plants are at the end of autumn or at the end of winter. It is important that the irrigation is not constant and abundant, the stagnation of water, in fact, can cause rot in the root system of garden roses. They need direct and sunny exposure even if they adapt to partial shade. Pruning is essential for the success of flowering, it is carried out at the end of winter, eliminating a good part of the branches and vegetation of the plant.

Blooming garden roses

To obtain abundant and luxuriant flowering for garden roses it is essential to receive a correct pruning at the end of winter. In fact, the flowers will bloom in spring only on recently developed branches, based on the cuts produced at the end of the cold season, the plant will produce buds from which new young branches will be born. Not carrying out a correct annual pruning in the long run fatigues the plant, limiting the production of flowers. Generally, the flowering period begins in spring and, depending on the different species and re-flowering varieties, it can also last until autumn. Among the enemies to be fought both with natural methods and with chemical treatments, Aphids damage and block flowering, directly attacking the new parts of the plant and buds.

The varieties of roses for outdoors

There are many varieties of outdoor roses to choose from based on the more or less complex shapes of the flowers and the many shades of color available. There are more than thirty species that grow spontaneously in the Italian territory, among the most common we find: the Rosa canina with small and simple flowers, the Rosa glauca or also called Rosa paonazza, and the Rosa sempervirens known as Rosa di San Giovanni. With velvety petals and characterized by blackish streaks is the variety of Rosa Black Baccarà, it is a hybrid of the Tea species, it is distinguished by the flowers with double petals of dark red color. Strong and intense aroma for the varieties of Bourbon Roses, born from a spontaneous cross between Rosa Damasco and Rosa Old Blush. The flowers are large, double and pink in color. Recommended for growing garden hedges.

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