Plants

Helleborus

Helleborus: the story

Helleborus is a plant to which several legends are linked. It is said that in the stable of Bethlehem while the Magi offered their gifts, a shepherdess was crying because she had nothing to offer to the baby Jesus. An angel made the white flowers of the helleborus was Christmas day. This is why in some parts this plant is called the Christmas rose. The plant belonging to the Ranunculaceae family is native to Europe, Asia and some areas of the Caucasus. Over time the plant has taken on a strong ornamental value. The roots of the helleborus in addition to being poisonous, duly treated have emmenagogic, vermifuge, and beneficial properties against typhoid forms, pneumonia, rheumatism,

Helleborus – sowing, transplanting, multiplication


In the nurseries, the helleborus reproduces by seed around June and July, but in this way plants are obtained which bloom only after two or three years. It is therefore advisable to multiply it by division of the rhizomes towards the end of winter. Take 10 cm long portions and bury them in a compote of sand and peat in equal parts and then, in late spring, plant them. In this way, plants will be obtained that are able to bloom already in the following year. If the plant is left undisturbed it can also reproduce spontaneously. Sowing is not very complicated but requires care. In the winter, the plant protects itself above all from the buds. The flower buds, on the other hand, are covered with glass bells. Helleborus is a plant that really loves shady locations.

Helleborus: soil and watering


This plant gives good results only if grown in a partially shaded position and in fresh and humiferous soil. If planted in the garden it often finds the ideal conditions even to naturalize. In the vegetative period it will be necessary to water the helleborus every two or three days and fertilize it with a product of immediate effect at least every two weeks. The plant can be left outdoors. The flowers are cupped or flattened. They appear in winter or spring, depending on the area. The color varies from species to species and ranges from pure white to purple or purple. For the particular period in which they bloom, the flowers are very popular as cut. The helleborus plant is not affected by specific diseases or pests. According to some botanical studies, the calyx of flowers can contribute to the development of seeds.

Helleborus: Helleborus: the species


The helleborus genus includes about twenty species. The name of the plant of Greek origin means poisonous plant. In fact, the roots and rhizomes contain helleborin, a very toxic substance. Since ancient times this plant was known and appreciated for its healing properties, especially, to combat epilepsy. Currently it is used with extreme caution and strictly under medical supervision, because in wrong doses it can cause serious poisoning. Helleborus abchasicus is cultivated for ornamental purposes, appreciated for its rusticity and remarkable vegetative vigor. Then there is the Helleborus niger called black hellebore due to its blackish roots and is known as Christmas rose, because it blooms precisely in that period. Helleborus orientalis with crimson-red flowers.

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