Plants

Hibiscus

How to water the hibiscus plant

Although there are hundreds of varieties of hibiscus, the cultivation methods are quite similar and its irrigation requires small and simple precautions. The hibiscus is native to the Asian tropical areas, environments with a high humidity rate; for this reason, we recommend daily irrigation, especially in summer, to ensure constant soil or substrate humidity. Obviously it is important not to over-water to avoid stagnation of water and possible damage to the roots. It is advisable to vaporize the hibiscus vegetation frequently and, in the case of potted plants, to insert a fair amount of gravel in the saucer so that the evaporation of the impregnated water can recreate a humid microclimate beneficial for the plant.

How to properly grow hibiscus


Hibiscus is a very adaptable plant, lending itself to both outdoor and indoor cultivation. It prefers mild and sunny climates; in winter, if the plant is in a pot and placed on the terrace, it should be moved indoors to avoid exposure to temperatures below 15 degrees. In summer, however, when it is moved outdoors again, it should be slowly readjusted to intense solar lighting, taking care at the beginning to repair it in shady areas. The hibiscus must be repotted annually to satisfy the growth of the plant and, starting from 3-4 years of age, it requires regular pruning at the beginning of the spring season, before the vegetative restart, in order to remove dry or damaged branches. There are annual and perennial plants with variable flowering frequency,

How to fertilize the hibiscus plant


The fertilization of the hibiscus must be done very carefully because the plant is particularly sensitive to the concentrations of nutrients in the soil. The fertilization of the hibiscus must be practiced in the period between the vegetative restart and the end of flowering, therefore during the spring and summer season. It is necessary to use fertilizers containing multiple microelements such as iron and manganese, as well as macroelements such as potassium, phosphorus and nitrogenous substances. The latter must be administered in such proportions as to contain a smaller amount of phosphorus, the excess of which can cause phytosanitary problems, but in any case to a sufficient extent to guarantee the flowering of the plant. Fertilizers are dissolved in water with which to water the soil of the hibiscus,

Hibiscus: Diseases of the hibiscus and possible remedies


Wrong cultivation practices are often the leading cause of hibiscus disease. Excessive watering, abuse of fertilizers, too cold temperatures or incorrect solar exposures can quickly lead the plant to decline. Yellowed and weak foliage, closed buds and flowers that wither in a short time are avoidable inconveniences if you know well the needs of the hibiscus, in itself very resistant to climatic variations. The plant can also be the target of mites and insect pests that steal nourishment and slowly lead the specimen to be consumed. In these cases it is advisable to try to remove the parasites with the use of cotton wool and alcohol, cut the dead or yellowed leaves and only in case of unsatisfactory results buy specific pesticides.

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