Plants

Hibiscus rosa sinensis

Hibiscus rosa sinensis origins and characteristics

Belonging to the Malvaceae, the hibiscus rosa sinensis is a perennial and rustic plant that comes from China, where it reaches up to ten meters in height if grown on the ground and up to three meters if grown in pots. This particular plant has pointed leaves with serrated edges and an intense and bright green color, while the beautiful flowers have a funnel shape and are formed by five red petals. Flowering occurs in summer, therefore in the period from June to September. Inside these inflorescences there are long stamens, on the top of which five pistils are formed. The hibiscus rosa sinensisit is a very decorative and refined plant, ideal for decorating gardens but also interiors, such as living rooms or studies; it is, in fact, a species that adapts to different soil conditions, so it can be safely cultivated both on the ground and in pots.


hibiscus rosa sinensis» width=»745″ height=»497″ longdesc=»/giardino/piante-da-giardino/hibiscus-rosa-sinensis.asp»>The cultivation of hibiscus rosa sinensis must be careful and scrupulous if satisfactory results are to be obtained. If it is planted on the ground, the hibiscus needs a soft, ventilated and well-drained soil, therefore it is advisable to mix a lot of sand with the soil, an ideal material to promote drainage. This plant loves very bright locations, but it is better not to let it be exposed to the sun for too many hours a day; in summer, in particular, if we grow it in pots, it is better to move it to a place sheltered from direct sunlight, especially if we live in an area with a particularly hot summer climate. In winter, however, it is necessary to keep the hibiscus at a temperature that is between ten and thirteen degrees; if it is not possible to keep it sheltered, it is possible that it will lose its leaves and in the presence of frosts it could even deteriorate to death. For this reason, if you live in an area with a cold climate in winter, it is advisable to always keep this plant at home, at most you can put it outside during the summer months.

Hibiscus rosa sinensis cure


Hibiscus rosa sinensis needs the ordinary care that any other plant needs. It must be remembered that irrigation must be regular in summer, but water must be poured only when the soil is perfectly dry. If it is particularly hot it is also advisable to spray the foliage with water. Once a month it is good to provide the hibiscus with a specific fertilizer for this type of plants, to provide it with the necessary nutrients to have an abundant flowering and to ensure that the flowers are bright red. In young hibiscus specimens, pruning is not necessary: ​​this practice should only be carried out starting from the fourth year of age of the plant. Pruning must have the aim of containing the branches,


hibiscus rosa sinensis grown in pots» width=»745″ height=»559″ longdesc=»/giardino/piante-da-giardino/hibiscus-rosa-sinensis.asp»>The multiplication of hibiscus rosa sinensis can take place by sowing or by cutting. Sowing should be done in July, burying the seeds in a worked soil made up of soil, sand and peat. The cutting must be carried out in spring: a young branch of about ten centimeters must be removed and it must be planted in a container full of soft soil, which will be kept at a temperature of about twenty degrees. After the plant has taken root which takes place after a few weeks, it will be possible to transfer the cutting to another pot or to the ground. To keep the hibiscus well, it is necessary to know its main enemies, namely the cochineal, the aphids and the white sickness. The cochineal is responsible for the brown spots that form on the leaves, problem that can be easily solved by washing the foliage with cotton wool wet with water and alcohol. Alternatively, specific products can be used, also useful for fighting aphids, parasites that attack young shoots and buds. The white disease, also known as powdery mildew, leads instead to the formation of white spots on the foliage and must be treated with specific products.

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