How to cure peony

How to water the peony

Peony is a widespread plant in a large variety of environments. The plant is able to withstand the harshest climates, but despite this adaptability it is necessary to pay attention to its correct wetting. As for the shrubby peony, it is necessary to proceed with watering especially in periods of drought and in the first years of life. It is important to provide the plant with good quantities of water, about 15-20 liters on average for each watering. The herbaceous peony is also able to withstand periods of drought, this being its rest period. However, as with the shrub peony, proceeding with rich wetting during the first years of the plant’s life can help the plant to form a vigorous shrub. These occasional wetting are ideal for both summer and winter.

How to cure peony

One of the key things regarding peony care is the removal of the withered flowers. When the flowers are cut, it is good to leave one or two leaves at the end of the stem so as not to harm the vegetative cycle of the plant. Removing faded flowers helps the peony not waste energy unnecessarily on seed production. As for pruning, in the case of a herbaceous peony this process takes place by cutting the stems and leaving them only a few centimeters long and also destroying the residues to avoid the development of any diseases. For the shrub peony, on the other hand, no special pruning is necessary. It is good to cut the most vigorous branches if the plant has developed too high, in order to guarantee the development of the buds located at the base of the stem.

How to fertilize the peony

The fertilization of the peony is carried out both as a preventive measure during the preparation of the soil and subsequently on the plant itself. The fertilization of the soil must be repeated every year. The type of fertilizer that can be used can be a slow release liquid fertilizer, containing the three fundamental elements (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) which will be diluted in the water used during irrigation. In the event that an organic fertilizer is chosen, it is always recommended to proceed in liquid form. Another type of fertilization of peony is green fertilization. For this process, specific crops are buried with the addition of natural substances such as ash or burnt wood. The ideal seasons to proceed with the fertilization of the plant are autumn or spring, when the peony is at rest.

Diseases of the peony

One of the diseases that tends to affect peony very easily is gray mold, especially if the plant is in particularly humid conditions. To treat peony it is good to proceed with the use of appropriate fungicides and reducing the intensity and frequency of wetting until the complete eradication of mold. White fungus is another possible plant disease. It tends to attach itself directly to the roots and, if not cared for properly, could lead to the death of the peony.The plant can be attacked by organisms such as nematodes. These small organisms attach themselves to the roots and quickly lead to the decay and consequent death of the peony.

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