Japanese cherry

How much to water

The ornamental cherry tree for cultivation should be planted especially in autumn, when the conditions are favorable. The soil used, on the other hand, must be well draining, because this plant strongly fears water stagnation, the cause of root rot and a vehicle for diseases. Irrigation must be well balanced and distributed over time, as both drought and abundance of water can limit or damage flowering. Furthermore, the irrigation water must have a temperature that is not too different from that of the environment or of the tree, as too pronounced temperature changes can cause potentially harmful thermal shocks. In the winter period, where the rains are abundant, it is not necessary to irrigate, while in the summer, with prolonged periods of heat, the

Care to be provided

It is advisable that the cultivation soil of the Japanese cherry is not too calcareous, which could favor the appearance of gummy secretions; for the rest, there are no particular land requirements. It is also important that the soil is not excessively compact, as this feature could hinder root growth. The plant does not tolerate low temperatures very well, so it is not recommended to grow it above 1000 meters of altitude; moreover, it could be easily damaged by gusts of wind, which cause the flowers to fall, so it is important to place it in areas that are not too ventilated. It also requires many hours of exposure to direct sunlight, but also tolerates semi-shaded areas (in this case the production of flowers will be more limited).

How to fertilize

Being a very rustic plant and able to adapt to almost all soil qualities, when it is adult it does not require fertilization; however, for the production of more luxuriant flowers and fruits, it is recommended to fertilize the plant with mature manure (bovine or equine) or with humus particularly rich in nitrogen. Fertilization interventions should be implemented once a year in the autumn period, using slow release fertilizer, in order to protect the plant against winter frosts and ensure the right amount of nutrients for spring flowering. For newly planted plants, the situation is very different as fertilization is fundamental: it is in fact necessary to fertilize the soil several times during the year,

Japanese Cherry: Diseases and Pests

The most common parasites that attack the Japanese cherry are aphids and scale insects, which can be treated, in case of attack, with pesticide products; there are also preventive treatments, to be implemented in winter, which limit the spring appearance of these insects. Another very harmful insect for the cherry tree, which appears between May and July, is the cherry fly: during the fertility period, this insect lays its eggs inside the fruit; once the eggs have hatched, the insects will feed on the pulp, severely damaging the crop. The cherry fly can be easily eliminated with the use of natural pesticides, including the infusion of wormwood. Among the diseases of fungal origin, the chorineum is very dangerous: causes the appearance of black points on the vegetative organs until they detach from the plant. Corineum can be treated with special antifungal products.

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