Plants

Lavender

Lavender

Among the garden plants suitable for creating hedges and borders, we find lavender. It is a plant commonly found in the Mediterranean area, especially in regions with an arid climate. It can be found spontaneously at the edges of country roads, in the parched landscapes of Sicily or Calabria. In nature there are about forty species of lavender and some hybrids made by the cosmetic industry to extract their essential oils. Lavender is known both as a garden plant and as a medicinal plant, widely used both in herbal medicine and in cosmetics. Its name derives, in fact, from the Latin “Lavendula”, which means “to wash”. Lavender flowers were used in the Middle Ages to cleanse the body. Even today we find numerous cosmetic products based on lavender extracts, including shampoos and even detergents for washing laundry. Lots of fabric softeners in the washing machine contain lavender extracts. But this species, in its simplicity and beauty, is suitable for decorating gardens to which you want to give a rustic or country style.

Features


Lavender belongs to the Lamiaceae family. Typical of Mediterranean countries, this plant grows spontaneously and includes several species, some of which are well known and used both in gardening and in the cosmetic industry. The difference between one species and another depends on the color and fragrance of the flowers, since the botanical characteristics of lavender are similar in all the various species. The plant is perennial, evergreen, with an erect stem up to one meter long. The leaves are light green, sometimes gray green, covered with a slight down, while the flowers are grouped in spikes that contain a variable number, with colors ranging from purple to blue and with an intense fragrance. The best known and most appreciated species of lavender are: lavender angustifolia,toothed lavender and lavender stoechas. The agustifolia lavender has blue inflorescences collected in a spike that forms on the apical part of the stem. Lavender officinalis has larger inflorescences, about ten centimeters long and colored blue that turns towards gray. Broad-leaved lavender does not easily grow spontaneously; its flowers are small and pale blue, with a fragrance similar to camphor. The toothed lavenderhas blue-violet colored inflorescences. The flowers of the lavender stoechas, on the other hand, are intensely colored in purple. In the field of horticulture, hybrids with pink and red colored flowers and a characteristic fragrance have also been created. The inflorescences of hybrid varieties are widely used in the cosmetic field to produce feminine perfumes. Lavender blooms between spring and summer. The flowering period varies according to the species.

Cultivation


Lavender is not a species that presents excessive cultural needs. It adapts well to high temperatures and dry climates, so a right amount of water and light will be sufficient to make it grow in a healthy and regular way. Lavender does not like acid soils, spontaneous species grow, in fact, on calcareous or siliceous soils. For the cultivation of the plant in the garden, the soil can be corrected with fertilizers that modify its excessive acidity. The soil must be well drained and without moisture, which can cause root rot. For healthy growth from lavender, clay soils can also work. A good soil mix for growing the plant can consist of sand and peat. For the rest, direct sun exposure is fine, which gives the lavender a rustic and irresistible look.

Create hedges and borders


As already mentioned, lavender is ideal for composing hedges and borders. The varieties that best adapt to these plant compositions are the lowest ones and with a stem less than one meter in height. The species of lavender that is suitable for decorating the avenue of a garden is that angustifolia, with narrow, lanceolate leaves and inflorescences no more than six centimeters long. To create a lavender hedge, perhaps surrounded by a wooden fence, more than five or six specimens are planted on each side, in order to create a plant mass. Lavender can also be combined with other aromatic plants, such as rosemary, or with the same varieties of lavender, to create a rustic setting typical of country gardens. In the Anglo-Saxon world the habit of creating hedges and borders with lavender seems to be widespread. In colder areas, however, varieties are used that resist even low temperatures, such as lavender stoechas, toothed lavender and woolly lavender, with lilac-colored flowers. These varieties withstand temperatures of minus five degrees. In warmer areas, in addition to lavender angustifolia, it is also possible to plant lavender pinnata, Moroccan lavender, multifida lavender and the hybrid lavender christiana, which has a very prolonged flowering. These latter varieties have inflorescences ranging from light blue to deep blue. If you have a large space, you can alternate the various species of lavender, in order to create multicolored hedges and borders. with lilac flowers. These varieties withstand temperatures of minus five degrees. In warmer areas, in addition to lavender angustifolia, it is also possible to plant lavender pinnata, Moroccan lavender, multifida lavender and the hybrid lavender christiana, which has a very prolonged flowering. These latter varieties have inflorescences ranging from light blue to deep blue. If you have a large space, you can alternate the various species of lavender, in order to create multicolored hedges and borders. with lilac flowers. These varieties withstand temperatures of minus five degrees. In warmer areas, in addition to lavender angustifolia, it is also possible to plant lavender pinnata, Moroccan lavender, multifida lavender and the hybrid lavender christiana, which has a very prolonged flowering. These latter varieties have inflorescences ranging from light blue to deep blue. If you have a large space, you can alternate the various species of lavender, in order to create multicolored hedges and borders. These latter varieties have inflorescences ranging from light blue to deep blue. If you have a large space, you can alternate the various species of lavender, in order to create multicolored hedges and borders. These latter varieties have inflorescences ranging from light blue to deep blue. If you have a large space, you can alternate the various species of lavender, in order to create multicolored hedges and borders.

Related posts

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Botón volver arriba