Plants

Liriope

Herbaceous plants of the genus called Liriope

The perennial herbaceous plants of Liriope are native to the eastern regions of the Asian continent and belong to the Asparagaceae family. With a bushy habit, these plants are used for ornamental purposes for borders or as single specimens, to be cultivated also in pots. The leaves are slightly fleshy, linear and ribbon-like, more or less thirty centimeters long, evergreen. According to the different species and varieties they can be variegated in cream color. During the summer, erect stems develop, at the apex the inflorescences or the spikes open, which group the small flowers with globular shapes, blue, pink, lilac and purple. Subsequently, the fruits of the Liriope perennials appear, white or black berries that remain on the stems throughout the winter season.

Cultivation techniques of Liriope perennials


Liriope are plants that adapt to different environmental contexts and can grow in different types of soils, including acidic ones, as long as they are well drained and fairly loose. These plants have a vigorous root system that requires a large and deep space for a luxuriant development. They prefer sunny exposures for several hours a day, but can also grow in partial shade. Liriope specimens tolerate the freezing temperatures of the winter seasons, below zero, without too much difficulty. They do not require pruning and irrigation is regular, mainly in summer and in dry periods. The administration of a liquid organic fertilizer, in autumn and spring, supplies the plant with all the necessary nutritional elements.

Methods of propagation of Liriope plants


The specimens of Liriope perennials can be reproduced by sowing, an operation to be carried out in spring which requires a long time before the actual planting of the plants. A faster method of propagation is by dividing the underground rhizome. The best times to intervene are the autumn or spring months, with the help of a well-sharpened knife the sections of the rhizome are divided, guaranteeing developed and rigorous roots for each selected part. To avoid the onset of possible rot, it is advisable to treat with pesticide and rooting powder, before proceeding with planting in the ground or in pots. To help the development of the new root system, it is advisable to use a well-balanced soil mixed with sand.

The different varieties of Liriope perennials


The species of perennial plants belonging to the genus called Liriope offer several interesting hybrids and cultivars, such as the selections of Liriope muscari. Very widespread and easy to find on the market, it is characterized by its intense blue flower stems. Among the varieties with a very elegant ornamental appearance, there is the herbaceous Liriope muscari Pee Dee Ingo, with golden yellow ribbon-like foliage and lilac inflorescences. With a bushy habit and very resistant to bad weather, the hybrid selection, called Liriope muscari Super Blue, is characterized by dark green leaves while the flowers have a lively blue-purplish color. Finally, the rare species of Liriope koreana with light green foliage, produces numerous pale pink floral spikes, from summer to autumn.

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