The genus of garden plants called Mahonia

There are about sixty species of evergreen plants, included in the genus called Mahonia. These plants, belonging to the Berberidaceae family, are native to North America and East Asia. Upright shrubs, with thorny foliage, oval or pinnate, leathery and dark green, according to the different varieties and species of Mahonia. The flowering period begins shortly before the end of the winter season, the inflorescences form panicles composed of small yellow flowers, delicately scented. Then the fruits appear, small and globular, gathered in bluish clusters. Used for ornamental purposes, the Mahonia garden plants are used as single specimens or for the construction of low hedges.

Cultivation techniques of Mahonia garden plants

Mahonia plants are robust and resistant and adapt to different climatic contexts. In fact, they endure both the intense cold with temperatures below zero, and the sultry summer heat. They can grow in different types of soils, fertile or poor, but it is important to ensure good drainage, to avoid deleterious water stagnation. They live in sunny and partial shade, they prefer cool, humid areas and sheltered from strong currents. Irrigation is regular from spring and throughout the summer while it is reduced to what is strictly necessary, in autumn and winter. After the flowering period, it is advisable to intervene with a pruning, to keep the appearance of these shrub plants tidy. A liquid organic fertilizer,

Methods of propagation of Mahonia evergreen plants

Towards the end of the summer season, it is possible to reproduce specimens of Mahonia garden plants by sowing. The seeds must be placed in containers, filled with peaty soil, mixed with sand, to be kept constantly humid with frequent nebulizations. When the germination of the new specimens has taken place, it is necessary to wait until the plants are large enough to transplant them, definitively. Another propagation technique of Mahonia plants is through semi-woody cutting. The tops are taken from the branches, cutting obliquely, below a knot. It is preferable to treat the wound with rooting powder, before storing the cuttings in individual containers, filled with sand and peat. Rooting takes place more easily if the plants are placed in sheltered and temperate places.

The different species of plants called Mahonia

The shrubs of the species called Mahonia aquifolium are characterized by the rounded shape they assume with the passage of time and by the production of numerous basal suckers. The inflorescences appear in the months of March and April, they are fragrant and yellow in color. The winter coloring of Mahonia atropurpurea garden plants is interesting, in fact, the foliage takes on intense reddish tones. Large yellow inflorescences with a drooping habit for the specimens of the species of Mahonia japonica. The fruits appear later and are blue in color. Fragrant, dark yellow flowers that develop on single stems and leathery, light green foliage, distinguish the garden plants known by the name of Mahonia lomariifolia,

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